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Open AccessReview

Innovative Trends in Implant Dentistry Training and Education: A Narrative Review

by Ana Santos Ferro 1,2, Ken Nicholson 3,4 and Sreenivas Koka 5,6,7,8,*
1
Department of Oral Surgery, Malo Clinic, 1600-042 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Department of Periodontology, Lisbon Dental University, 1649-003 Lisbon, Portugal
3
ProfiVision Inc., Criagavon BT67 0QW, UK
4
Surgical Based Dentistry & Blended Learning, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK
5
Advanced Prosthodontics, Loma Linda University School of Dentistry, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
6
Koka Dental Corporation, San Diego, CA 92111, USA
7
Advanced Prosthodontics, University of California Los Angeles School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
8
Career Design in Dentistry, San Diego, CA 92111, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(10), 1618; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8101618
Received: 26 August 2019 / Revised: 22 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 4 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Implant Dentistry—Trends, Challenges and Innovations)
Background: The field of implant dentistry education is rapidly evolving as new technologies permit innovative methods to teach the fundamentals of implant dentistry. Methods: Literature from the fields of active learning, blended learning, augmented reality, artificial intelligence, haptics, and mixed reality were reviewed and combined with the experience and opinions of expert authors. Both positive and negative aspects of the learning methods are presented. Results and Conclusion: The fundamental objectives of teaching and learning remain unchanged, yet the opportunities to reach larger audiences and integrate their learning into active experiences are evolving due to the introduction of new teaching and learning methodologies. The ability to reach a global audience has never been more apparent. Nevertheless, as much as new technology can be alluring, each new method comes with unique limitations. View Full-Text
Keywords: implant dentistry education; blended learning; virtual reality; augmented reality; haptics; online learning; mixed reality implant dentistry education; blended learning; virtual reality; augmented reality; haptics; online learning; mixed reality
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Ferro, A.S.; Nicholson, K.; Koka, S. Innovative Trends in Implant Dentistry Training and Education: A Narrative Review. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1618.

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