Next Article in Journal
Coronary Stents: History, Design, and Construction
Next Article in Special Issue
The Role of Sex in Memory Function: Considerations and Recommendations in the Context of Exercise
Previous Article in Journal
Identifying Degenerative Brain Disease Using Rough Set Classifier Based on Wavelet Packet Method
Open AccessArticle

Experimental Effects of Acute Exercise and Meditation on Parameters of Cognitive Function

Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, School of Applied Sciences, The University of Mississippi, 229 Turner Center, University, MS 38677, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(6), 125; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7060125
Received: 2 May 2018 / Revised: 21 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 29 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Effects of Exercise on Cognitive Function)
Single bouts of aerobic exercise and meditation have been shown to improve cognitive function. Yet to be examined in the literature, we sought to examine the effects of a combination of acute bouts of aerobic exercise and meditation on cognitive function among young adults. Participants (n = 66, mean (SD) age = 21 (2)) were randomly assigned to walk then meditate, meditate then walk, or to sit (inactive control). All walking and meditation bouts were 10 min in duration. Participants’ cognition was monitored before and after the intervention using Identification, Set Shifting, Stroop, and Trail Making tasks. Additionally, a subjective assessment of cognitive function was implemented before and after the intervention. Significant group by time interaction effects were observed when examining the Stroop congruent trials (P = 0.05). Post hoc paired t-tests revealed that reaction time significantly decreased from baseline to post-intervention in both combination groups (P < 0.001 for both), but not in the control group (P = 0.09). Regarding all other cognitive assessments, there were no significant group by time interaction effects (P > 0.05). Cognitive function was not substantially affected by a combination of brief meditation and exercise, though there is evidence to suggest that this combination may have beneficial effects on certain aspects of cognition. Future work should be conducted to evaluate the influences of different doses of exercise and meditation on cognitive functioning. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognition; exercise psychology; meditation; physical activity; walking cognition; exercise psychology; meditation; physical activity; walking
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Edwards, M.K.; Loprinzi, P.D. Experimental Effects of Acute Exercise and Meditation on Parameters of Cognitive Function. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 125.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop