Next Article in Journal
Influence of Personality Traits on the Severity of Alcohol Use Disorders
Next Article in Special Issue
Percutaneous Left Main Coronary Intervention: A Review of Plaque Modification in Left Main Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Previous Article in Journal
Experimental Effects of Acute Exercise and Meditation on Parameters of Cognitive Function
Previous Article in Special Issue
Review of the Latest Percutaneous Devices in Critical Limb Ischemia
Open AccessReview

Coronary Stents: History, Design, and Construction

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02903, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(6), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7060126
Received: 20 April 2018 / Revised: 17 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 29 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Interventional Cardiology and Vascular Medicine)
The history of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is marked by rapid technological advancements that have taken place over the past 40 years. After a period of balloon angioplasty, which was marred by risk of abrupt vessel closure and vessel recoil, balloon expandable metal alloy stents were the mainstay of PCI. The introduction of drug eluting stents (DES) targeted in-stent restenosis, a common mode of stent failure, and ushered in the current PCI era. Since the first generation of DES, advances in polymer science and stent design have advanced the field. The current generation of DES has thin struts, are highly deliverable, have biocompatible or absorbable polymers, and outstanding safety and efficacy profiles. In this review, we discuss the technological advancements in stent development, design, and construction, with an emphasis on balloon expandable stents. The aspects of stent properties, metal alloys, bioresorbable vascular scaffolds, drug elution, and polymers will be covered. View Full-Text
Keywords: stents; percutaneous coronary intervention; drug elution; polymer stents; percutaneous coronary intervention; drug elution; polymer
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Schmidt, T.; Abbott, J.D. Coronary Stents: History, Design, and Construction. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 126.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop