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Pharmacotherapy for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

1
Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (C.E.N.T.E.R.) and Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street S.W., Rochester, MN 55905, USA
2
Leeds Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University of Leeds and Leeds Gastroenterology Institute, Leeds Teaching Hospitals Trust, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: H. Christian Weber
J. Clin. Med. 2017, 6(11), 101; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm6110101
Received: 2 October 2017 / Revised: 23 October 2017 / Accepted: 24 October 2017 / Published: 27 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Irritable Bowel Syndrome)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the brain-gut axis; the pathophysiological mechanisms include altered colonic motility, bile acid metabolism, neurohormonal regulation, immune dysfunction, alterations in the epithelial barrier and secretory properties of the gut. This article reviews the mechanisms, efficacy, and safety of current pharmacotherapy, and medications that are in phase III trials for the treatment of IBS. There remains a significant unmet need for effective treatments—particularly for the pain component of IBS—although the introduction of drugs directed at secretion, motility and a non-absorbable antibiotic provide options for the bowel dysfunction in IBS. View Full-Text
Keywords: diarrhea; constipation; pain; viscera; analgesia diarrhea; constipation; pain; viscera; analgesia
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Camilleri, M.; Ford, A.C. Pharmacotherapy for Irritable Bowel Syndrome. J. Clin. Med. 2017, 6, 101.

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