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Article

Generalized Joint Hypermobility and Injuries: A Prospective Cohort Study of 185 Pre-Professional Contemporary Dancers

by 1,2,* and 1,2,3,4
1
Codarts Rotterdam, University of the Arts, 3012 CC Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2
PErforming Artist and Athlete Research Lab (PEARL), 3012 CC Rotterdam, The Netherlands
3
Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Department of General Practice, 3015 GD Rotterdam, The Netherlands
4
Rotterdam Arts and Science Lab (RASL), 3012 CC Rotterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jos Runhaar
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(5), 1007; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10051007
Received: 14 January 2021 / Revised: 22 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 2 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Treatment of Musculoskeletal Disorders)
Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) has been mentioned as one of the factors associated with dance injuries, but the findings are inconclusive. This study aims to investigate whether GJH, based on different Beighton score cut-off points, is a potential risk factor for injuries in pre-professional dancers. Four cohorts of first-year pre-professional dancers (N = 185), mean age 19.1 ± 1.3 years, were screened on musculoskeletal functioning at the start of their academic year. The Beighton score was used to measure GJH. During the academic year, the dancers completed monthly questionnaires about their physical and mental health. Based on the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Questionnaire on Health Problems (OSTRC), three injury definitions were used (i.e., all complaints, substantial injury, and time-loss injury). To examine potential risk factors for injuries, univariate and multivariate regression models were applied. The response rate of monthly completed questionnaires was 90%. The overall mean (SD) Beighton score was 2.8. The 1-year injury incidence proportion was 67.6% (n = 125), 43.2% (n = 80), and 54.6% (n = 101) for all complaint injuries, substantial injuries, and time-loss injuries, respectively. The multivariate analyses showed a significant association between a previous long lasting injury in the past year and the three injury definitions (p < 0.05). Pre-professional contemporary dancers are at high risk for injuries and hypermobility. However, these two variables are not associated with each other. Health professionals should take injury history into account when assessing dance students, because this variable is associated with increased injury risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: injury; risk factor; dance; hypermobility; physical examination injury; risk factor; dance; hypermobility; physical examination
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MDPI and ACS Style

van Rijn, R.M.; Stubbe, J.H. Generalized Joint Hypermobility and Injuries: A Prospective Cohort Study of 185 Pre-Professional Contemporary Dancers. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 1007. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10051007

AMA Style

van Rijn RM, Stubbe JH. Generalized Joint Hypermobility and Injuries: A Prospective Cohort Study of 185 Pre-Professional Contemporary Dancers. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(5):1007. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10051007

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Rijn, Rogier M., and Janine H. Stubbe 2021. "Generalized Joint Hypermobility and Injuries: A Prospective Cohort Study of 185 Pre-Professional Contemporary Dancers" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 5: 1007. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10051007

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