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Open AccessArticle

Quality of Life in Young Adults after Flatfoot Surgery: A Case-Control Study

1
IRCCS Galeazzi, Via R. Galeazzi 4, 20100 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Orthopedics, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(3), 451; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10030451
Received: 27 December 2020 / Revised: 21 January 2021 / Accepted: 22 January 2021 / Published: 24 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Orthopedics)
The true impact of surgery for flatfoot deformities on patient’s quality of life and health status remains poorly defined. The aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of life and the return to daily tasks and sports or physical activities in young adults after surgical correction of flatfoot deformity. Patients treated for bilateral symptomatic flat foot deformity were retrospectively studied. The healthy control group comprised a matched reference population with no history of foot surgery or trauma that was voluntary recruited from the hospital community. All subjects were asked to fill out questionnaires centered on the assessment of the health-related quality of life (Short-form 36; SF-36) and physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire; IPAQ). Most study group SF-36 subscales were lower when compared to the control group. Among the study group, post-operatively, 36.6% of patients managed to resume low levels of sports activity, 40% were sufficiently active and were able to perform moderate sports activity (an activity that requires moderate physical effort and which forces the patient to breathe with a frequency only moderately higher than normal), while 23.3% of them were active or very active and were able to perform intense physical activity. Most IPAQ scores were statistically different from the control group. The present study suggests that patients treated with medializing calcaneal osteotomy and navicular-cuneiform arthrodesis for symptomatic flafoot had lower levels of quality of life and physical activity when compared to healthy subjects. After surgery, patients showed a significant improvement in the clinical scores. View Full-Text
Keywords: flatfoot surgery; pain measurement; quality of life; health status flatfoot surgery; pain measurement; quality of life; health status
MDPI and ACS Style

Martinelli, N.; Bianchi, A.; Prandoni, L.; Maiorano, E.; Sansone, V. Quality of Life in Young Adults after Flatfoot Surgery: A Case-Control Study. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 451. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10030451

AMA Style

Martinelli N, Bianchi A, Prandoni L, Maiorano E, Sansone V. Quality of Life in Young Adults after Flatfoot Surgery: A Case-Control Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(3):451. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10030451

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martinelli, Nicolò; Bianchi, Alberto; Prandoni, Lorenzo; Maiorano, Emanuele; Sansone, Valerio. 2021. "Quality of Life in Young Adults after Flatfoot Surgery: A Case-Control Study" J. Clin. Med. 10, no. 3: 451. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10030451

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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