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Burden of COVID-19 Pandemic Perceived by Polish Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

Department of Neurology, Wroclaw Medical University, Borowska 213, 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland
Department of Psychiatry, Wroclaw Medical University, Wybrzeże Pasteura 10, 50-367 Wroclaw, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michele Roccella
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(18), 4215;
Received: 6 September 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) were expected to be particularly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the burden of pandemic, perceived by Polish MS patients, with regard to major contributing factors. The survey, conducted in August/September 2020, included: Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced (Brief–COPE), questions on demographic data, MS characteristics, and health-related and social aspects of pandemic burden. Relationships were searched between PSS-10 and Mini-COPE results and other analyzed items, using U Mann–Whitney test, Kruskal–Wallis ANOVA rank test and Spearman rank correlation. The survey was answered by 287 MS patients (208 female, 79 male, aged 21–69 years). Since March 2020, 2.4% of respondents had been positive for COVID-19 and 5.2% had undergone a quarantine. Mean PSS-10 score was 19.99, with moderate or high level of stress in 83.3% of respondents. Problem-focused strategies were more frequently used than emotion-focused strategies (1.76 vs. 1.16). Higher PSS-10 score was associated with comorbidities (H = 4.28), increase in major MS symptoms during the pandemic (21.92 vs. 18.06), experience of healthcare limitations (21.12 vs. 17.98), work-related (22.58 vs. 18.69), financial (22.70 vs. 18.83) and family-related problems (22.54 vs. 17.73) due to pandemic restrictions. A coping model was associated with functional disability and limitations to daily activities (H = 7.81). During the first stage of the pandemic, MS patients reported increased level of stress and preferred problem-focused coping. The level of stress and coping showed more relationships with pandemic impact upon social issues than with MS-related variables. View Full-Text
Keywords: multiple sclerosis; COVID-19 pandemic; perceived stress; coping strategies multiple sclerosis; COVID-19 pandemic; perceived stress; coping strategies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pokryszko-Dragan, A.; Chojdak-Łukasiewicz, J.; Gruszka, E.; Pawłowski, M.; Pawłowski, T.; Rudkowska-Mytych, A.; Rymaszewska, J.; Budrewicz, S. Burden of COVID-19 Pandemic Perceived by Polish Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 4215.

AMA Style

Pokryszko-Dragan A, Chojdak-Łukasiewicz J, Gruszka E, Pawłowski M, Pawłowski T, Rudkowska-Mytych A, Rymaszewska J, Budrewicz S. Burden of COVID-19 Pandemic Perceived by Polish Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(18):4215.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pokryszko-Dragan, Anna, Justyna Chojdak-Łukasiewicz, Ewa Gruszka, Marcin Pawłowski, Tomasz Pawłowski, Anna Rudkowska-Mytych, Joanna Rymaszewska, and Sławomir Budrewicz. 2021. "Burden of COVID-19 Pandemic Perceived by Polish Patients with Multiple Sclerosis" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 18: 4215.

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