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Article

A Needs-Based Analysis of Teaching on Vaccinations and COVID-19 in German Medical Schools

1
Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Department of General Internal and Psychosomatic Medicine, Heidelberg University Hospital, Thibautstraße 4, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany
2
Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Karlstraße 4, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3
Impfaufklärung in Deutschland e.V., Simrockstraße 16, 53619 Rheinbreitbach, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicolas Vignier
Vaccines 2022, 10(6), 975; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060975
Received: 25 April 2022 / Revised: 14 June 2022 / Accepted: 15 June 2022 / Published: 19 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Collection COVID-19 Vaccines and Vaccination)
The COVID-19 pandemic highlights the need for improving public confidence in vaccines. Academic gaps and redundancies on vaccinations must be identified to revise the medical curriculum for up-to-date training of medical students. This cross-sectional survey assessed the status of vaccine-related teaching in general and specific to COVID-19 in medical schools across Germany. A total of 4313 medical students completed a questionnaire comprising items on national learning goals and perceived needs for teaching on vaccinations. Mixed methods were used to analyse data quantitatively for relative frequencies (%) and correlations between teaching items and semesters (Spearman’s rho), and qualitatively (content analysis). Our findings showed that 38.92% of the students were dissatisfied with teaching on vaccine-preventable diseases, but the perceived satisfaction increased in later semesters (r = 0.46, p < 0.001). Moreover, 75.84% and 68.15% of the students were dissatisfied with teaching related to vaccine scepticism and vaccine-related communication strategies, respectively. Furthermore, 63.79% reported dissatisfaction with teaching on COVID-19 disease and 72.93% with teaching on COVID-19 vaccines. A total of 79.12% stated they educated others on COVID-19 and its vaccines and 75.14% felt responsible to do so. A majority of the medical students were dissatisfied with teaching on dealing with vaccine scepticism, communication strategies and COVID-19 vaccines. We recommend practice-oriented vaccine education, especially for teaching communication skills to medical students. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; vaccines; vaccination; vaccine education; curriculum mapping; medical curriculum; vaccine hesitancy; vaccine scepticism; teaching; communication COVID-19; vaccines; vaccination; vaccine education; curriculum mapping; medical curriculum; vaccine hesitancy; vaccine scepticism; teaching; communication
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MDPI and ACS Style

Baessler, F.; Zafar, A.; Mengler, K.; Natus, R.N.; Dutt, A.J.; Kuhlmann, M.; Çinkaya, E.; Hennes, S. A Needs-Based Analysis of Teaching on Vaccinations and COVID-19 in German Medical Schools. Vaccines 2022, 10, 975. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060975

AMA Style

Baessler F, Zafar A, Mengler K, Natus RN, Dutt AJ, Kuhlmann M, Çinkaya E, Hennes S. A Needs-Based Analysis of Teaching on Vaccinations and COVID-19 in German Medical Schools. Vaccines. 2022; 10(6):975. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060975

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baessler, Franziska, Ali Zafar, Katharina Mengler, Ricarda N. Natus, Anne J. Dutt, Manuel Kuhlmann, Emre Çinkaya, and Simon Hennes. 2022. "A Needs-Based Analysis of Teaching on Vaccinations and COVID-19 in German Medical Schools" Vaccines 10, no. 6: 975. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060975

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