The main aim of the study is to examine the effect of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), an H2
S donor, on the oxidative stress in human plasma in vitro. It also examined the effects of very high concentrations of exogenous hydrogen sulfide on the hemostatic parameters (coagulation and fibrinolytic activity) of human plasma. Plasma was incubated for 5–30 min with different concentrations of NaHS from 0.01 to 10 mM. Following this, lipid peroxidation was measured as a thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) concentration and the oxidation of amino acid residues in proteins was measured by determining the amounts of thiol groups and carbonyl groups. Hydrogen peroxide (H2
) and the hydroxyl radical generating oxidation system (Fe/H2
) were used as oxidative stress inducers. Hemostatic factors, such as the maximum velocity of clot formation, fibrin lysis half-time, the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), and international normalized ratio (INR), were estimated. Changes in lipid peroxidation, carbonyl group formation, and thiol group oxidation were detected at high concentrations of H2
S (0.1–10 mM), and these results indicate that NaHS (as the precursor of H2
S) may have pro-oxidative effects in human plasma in vitro. Moreover, considering the data presented in this study, we suggest that the oxidative stress stimulated by NaHS (at high concentrations: 1–10 mM) is not involved in changes of the hemostatic activity of plasma.
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