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Neuroimaging in Pediatric Epilepsy

1
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
2
Department of Pediatric Neurology, Children’s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(8), 190; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9080190
Received: 23 June 2019 / Revised: 18 July 2019 / Accepted: 6 August 2019 / Published: 7 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Neuroimaging)
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PDF [271 KB, uploaded 14 August 2019]

Abstract

Pediatric epilepsy presents with various diagnostic challenges. Recent advances in neuroimaging play an important role in the diagnosis, management and in guiding the treatment of pediatric epilepsy. Structural neuroimaging techniques such as CT and MRI can identify underlying structural abnormalities associated with epileptic focus. Functional neuroimaging provides further information and may show abnormalities even in cases where MRI was normal, thus further helping in the localization of the epileptogenic foci and guiding the possible surgical management of intractable/refractory epilepsy when indicated. A multi-modal imaging approach helps in the diagnosis of refractory epilepsy. In this review, we will discuss various imaging techniques, as well as aspects of structural and functional neuroimaging and their application in the management of pediatric epilepsy. View Full-Text
Keywords: pediatric epilepsy; neuroimaging; refractory epilepsy; temporal lobe epilepsy; extra-temporal lobe epilepsy pediatric epilepsy; neuroimaging; refractory epilepsy; temporal lobe epilepsy; extra-temporal lobe epilepsy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Shaikh, Z.; Torres, A.; Takeoka, M. Neuroimaging in Pediatric Epilepsy. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 190.

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