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Vigilance Decrement and Enhancement Techniques: A Review

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Biosciences and Bioengineering Research Institute, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah 26666, UAE
2
Dubai Police Headquarters, Dubai 1493, UAE
3
Dept. Molecular Medicine, University of Rome Sapienza, 00185 Rome, Italy
4
College of Computer Science and Technology, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(8), 178; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9080178
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 18 July 2019 / Accepted: 25 July 2019 / Published: 26 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Collection on Cognitive Neuroscience)
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Abstract

This paper presents the first comprehensive review on vigilance enhancement using both conventional and unconventional means, and further discusses the resulting contradictory findings. It highlights the key differences observed between the research findings and argues that variations of the experimental protocol could be a significant contributing factor towards such contradictory results. Furthermore, the paper reveals the effectiveness of unconventional means of enhancement in significant reduction of vigilance decrement compared to conventional means. Meanwhile, a discussion on the challenges of enhancement techniques is presented, with several suggested recommendations and alternative strategies to maintain an adequate level of vigilance for the task at hand. Additionally, this review provides evidence in support of the use of unconventional means of enhancement on vigilance studies, regardless of their practical challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: vigilance; vigilance decrement; vigilance enhancement; conventional means of enhancement; unconventional means of enhancement vigilance; vigilance decrement; vigilance enhancement; conventional means of enhancement; unconventional means of enhancement
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Al-Shargie, F.; Tariq, U.; Mir, H.; Alawar, H.; Babiloni, F.; Al-Nashash, H. Vigilance Decrement and Enhancement Techniques: A Review. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 178.

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