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Open AccessArticle

Effect of a Mental Stimulation Program of Computer and Internet Learning on Cognitive Functions and Wellbeing in Older Community-Dwelling Mexicans

1
Doctoral Program in Psychology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico 04510, Mexico
2
Research Unit on Gerontology, FES Zaragoza, National Autonomou, University of Mexico, Mexico 04510, Mexico
3
Faculty of Psychology, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 04510, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(7), 151; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9070151
Received: 13 May 2019 / Revised: 23 June 2019 / Accepted: 24 June 2019 / Published: 27 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Collection on Cognitive Neuroscience)
Background: It has been reported that Mental Stimulation (MS) has a positive effect on cognitive functions and wellbeing. In this sense, different training activities have been proposed for MS such as theater, learning a new language, playing a musical instrument and computing, however, there are few studies on older adults in Latin American countries. For this reason, the purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of a mental stimulation program (MSP) of computer and Internet learning on cognitive functions and wellbeing in older community-dwelling Mexicans. Method: A quasi-experimental pilot study was carried out in a convenience sample of 27 adults aged 60 to 69 years, without knowledge of the use of computers and Internet, without chronic non-communicable diseases, depression or cognitive impairment. Two groups were formed: (i) experimental (EG), n = 16 and (ii) control (CG), n = 11. The EG participated in an MSP in which 20 theoretical/practical sessions of two hours each were given, two times a week, on computer and Internet. The CG did not participate in any scheduled activity. All participants were measured before and after the intervention program in processing speed (PS), cognitive inhibition (CI), working and episodicmemory (WM and EM), visuospatial processing (VP), life satisfaction (LS) and positive and negative emotions (PE and NE). Results: After participation in the MSP, the EG showed significantly higher scores on the EM and VP tests compared to the CG (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that an MSP of computer and Internet learning improves episodicmemory and visuospatial processing in older community-dwelling Mexicans. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental stimulation; computer and internet; learning; cognitive functions; older community-dwelling Mexicans mental stimulation; computer and internet; learning; cognitive functions; older community-dwelling Mexicans
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Sánchez-Nieto, J.M.; Martínez-Maldonado, M.L.; Montero-López Lena, M.; Mendoza-Núñez, V.M. Effect of a Mental Stimulation Program of Computer and Internet Learning on Cognitive Functions and Wellbeing in Older Community-Dwelling Mexicans. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 151.

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