Local and Relayed Effects of Deep Brain Stimulation of the Pedunculopontine Nucleus
AbstractOur discovery of low-threshold stimulation-induced locomotion in the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) led to the clinical use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of disorders such as Parkinson’s disease (PD) that manifest gait and postural disorders. Three additional major discoveries on the properties of PPN neurons have opened new areas of research for the treatment of motor and arousal disorders. The description of (a) electrical coupling, (b) intrinsic gamma oscillations, and (c) gene regulation in the PPN has identified a number of novel therapeutic targets and methods for the treatment of a number of neurological and psychiatric disorders. We first delve into the circuit, cellular, intracellular, and molecular organization of the PPN, and then consider the clinical results to date on PPN DBS. This comprehensive review will provide valuable information to explain the network effects of PPN DBS, point to new directions for treatment, and highlight a number of issues related to PPN DBS. View Full-Text
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Garcia-Rill, E.; Tackett, A.J.; Byrum, S.D.; Lan, R.S.; Mackintosh, S.G.; Hyde, J.R.; Bisagno, V.; Urbano, F.J. Local and Relayed Effects of Deep Brain Stimulation of the Pedunculopontine Nucleus. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 64.
Garcia-Rill E, Tackett AJ, Byrum SD, Lan RS, Mackintosh SG, Hyde JR, Bisagno V, Urbano FJ. Local and Relayed Effects of Deep Brain Stimulation of the Pedunculopontine Nucleus. Brain Sciences. 2019; 9(3):64.Chicago/Turabian Style
Garcia-Rill, Edgar; Tackett, Alan J.; Byrum, Stephanie D.; Lan, Renny S.; Mackintosh, Samuel G.; Hyde, James R.; Bisagno, Veronica; Urbano, Francisco J. 2019. "Local and Relayed Effects of Deep Brain Stimulation of the Pedunculopontine Nucleus." Brain Sci. 9, no. 3: 64.
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