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Open AccessArticle

Association of Exercise with Inhibitory Control and Prefrontal Brain Activity Under Acute Psychosocial Stress

Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the manuscript.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(7), 439; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10070439
Received: 18 June 2020 / Revised: 2 July 2020 / Accepted: 8 July 2020 / Published: 10 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Developmental Neuroscience)
Psychosocial stress has negative effects on cognition in adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate whether physical exercise can buffer such effects on inhibitory control and associated cortical brain areas. Forty-two male high school students aged 16–20 years and with either low or high exercise levels performed a Stroop task under stress-free conditions and after the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Oxygenation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) was measured with functional near-infrared spectroscopy. For inhibitory control, there was no significant primary effect of condition (F(1,40) = 1.09, p = 303., ηp² = 0.027) and no significant condition × group interaction (F(1,40) = 2.40, p = 0.129, ηp² = 0.057). For DLPFC oxygenation, a significant primary effect of condition was observed (F (1,38) = 6.10, p = 0.018, ηp² = 0.138). However, the condition × group interaction (F (1,38) = 0.05, p = 0.823, ηp² = 0.001) remained not significant. Adolescents’ exercise level was not associated with inhibitory control before and after stress. An impact of stress on a neurocognitive level was observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Stroop interference; sport; executive function; psychological stress; fNIRS; brain oxygenation Stroop interference; sport; executive function; psychological stress; fNIRS; brain oxygenation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mücke, M.; Ludyga, S.; Colledge, F.; Pühse, U.; Gerber, M. Association of Exercise with Inhibitory Control and Prefrontal Brain Activity Under Acute Psychosocial Stress. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 439. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10070439

AMA Style

Mücke M, Ludyga S, Colledge F, Pühse U, Gerber M. Association of Exercise with Inhibitory Control and Prefrontal Brain Activity Under Acute Psychosocial Stress. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(7):439. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10070439

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mücke, Manuel; Ludyga, Sebastian; Colledge, Flora; Pühse, Uwe; Gerber, Markus. 2020. "Association of Exercise with Inhibitory Control and Prefrontal Brain Activity Under Acute Psychosocial Stress" Brain Sci. 10, no. 7: 439. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10070439

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