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Open AccessArticle

Preserved Contextual Cueing in Realistic Scenes in Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration

1
Department of Experimental Psychology, Otto-von-Guericke-University, Postfach 4120, 39016 Magdeburg, Germany
2
Center for Behavioral Brain Sciences, Otto-von-Guericke-University, 39016 Magdeburg, Germany
3
Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition and School of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
4
Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives UMR 7291, Aix-Marseille Université & CNRS, 13331 Marseille, France
5
Department of Ophthalmology, Otto-von-Guericke-University, 39016 Magdeburg, Germany
6
Eye Clinic Am Johannisplatz, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(12), 941; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10120941
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 30 November 2020 / Accepted: 4 December 2020 / Published: 7 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Visual Search in (Virtual) Reality)
Foveal vision loss has been shown to reduce efficient visual search guidance due to contextual cueing by incidentally learned contexts. However, previous studies used artificial (T- among L-shape) search paradigms that prevent the memorization of a target in a semantically meaningful scene. Here, we investigated contextual cueing in real-life scenes that allow explicit memory of target locations in semantically rich scenes. In contrast to the contextual cueing deficits in artificial scenes, contextual cueing in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) did not differ from age-matched normal-sighted controls. We discuss this in the context of visuospatial working-memory demands for which both eye movement control in the presence of central vision loss and memory-guided search may compete. Memory-guided search in semantically rich scenes may depend less on visuospatial working memory than search in abstract displays, potentially explaining intact contextual cueing in the former but not the latter. In a practical sense, our findings may indicate that patients with AMD are less deficient than expected after previous lab experiments. This shows the usefulness of realistic stimuli in experimental clinical research. View Full-Text
Keywords: visual search; vision loss; incidental learning; macular degeneration; fovea visual search; vision loss; incidental learning; macular degeneration; fovea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pollmann, S.; Rosenblum, L.; Linnhoff, S.; Porracin, E.; Geringswald, F.; Herbik, A.; Renner, K.; Hoffmann, M.B. Preserved Contextual Cueing in Realistic Scenes in Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 941. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10120941

AMA Style

Pollmann S, Rosenblum L, Linnhoff S, Porracin E, Geringswald F, Herbik A, Renner K, Hoffmann MB. Preserved Contextual Cueing in Realistic Scenes in Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(12):941. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10120941

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pollmann, Stefan; Rosenblum, Lisa; Linnhoff, Stefanie; Porracin, Eleonora; Geringswald, Franziska; Herbik, Anne; Renner, Katja; Hoffmann, Michael B. 2020. "Preserved Contextual Cueing in Realistic Scenes in Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration" Brain Sci. 10, no. 12: 941. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10120941

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