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Article

Participatory Art Activities Increase Salivary Oxytocin Secretion of ASD Children

1
Division of Integrated Art and Sciences and Local Community Support, Research Center for Child Mental Development, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan
2
The COI Site, Tokyo University of the Arts Tokyo 110-8714, Japan
3
Artlink Central, Scotland FK8 1EA, UK
4
Department of Childhood Care and Education, Faculty of Social Work, Kinjo University, Hakusan 924-8511, Japan
5
Department of Basic Research on Social Recognition, Research Center for Child Mental Development, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan
6
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Lab, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
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Social Brain in Action Lab, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, UK
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Department of Psychiatry and Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan
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Department of Health Development Nursing, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-0942, Japan
10
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-1193, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(10), 680; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100680
Received: 15 August 2020 / Revised: 24 September 2020 / Accepted: 25 September 2020 / Published: 27 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Autism Research)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) occurs in 1 in 160 children worldwide. Individuals with ASD tend to be unique in the way that they comprehend themselves and others, as well as in the way that they interact and socialize, which can lead to challenges with social adaptation. There is currently no medication to improve the social deficit of children with ASD, and consequently, behavioral and complementary/alternative intervention plays an important role. In the present pilot study, we focused on the neuroendocrinological response to participatory art activities, which are known to have a positive effect on emotion, self-expression, sociability, and physical wellbeing. We collected saliva from 12 children with ASD and eight typically developed (TD) children before and after a visual art-based participatory art workshop to measure the levels of oxytocin, a neuropeptide involved in a wide range of social behaviors. We demonstrated that the rate of increase in salivary oxytocin following art activities in ASD children was significantly higher than that in TD children. In contrast, the change rate of salivary cortisol after participatory art activities was similar between the two groups. These results suggest that the beneficial effects of participatory art activities may be partially mediated by oxytocin release, and may have therapeutic potential for disorders involving social dysfunction. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder; oxytocin; cortisol; group activity; stress; art autism spectrum disorder; oxytocin; cortisol; group activity; stress; art
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tanaka, S.; Komagome, A.; Iguchi-Sherry, A.; Nagasaka, A.; Yuhi, T.; Higashida, H.; Rooksby, M.; Kikuchi, M.; Arai, O.; Minami, K.; Tsuji, T.; Tsuji, C. Participatory Art Activities Increase Salivary Oxytocin Secretion of ASD Children. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 680. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100680

AMA Style

Tanaka S, Komagome A, Iguchi-Sherry A, Nagasaka A, Yuhi T, Higashida H, Rooksby M, Kikuchi M, Arai O, Minami K, Tsuji T, Tsuji C. Participatory Art Activities Increase Salivary Oxytocin Secretion of ASD Children. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(10):680. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100680

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tanaka, Sanae, Aiko Komagome, Aya Iguchi-Sherry, Akiko Nagasaka, Teruko Yuhi, Haruhiro Higashida, Maki Rooksby, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Oko Arai, Kana Minami, Takahiro Tsuji, and Chiharu Tsuji. 2020. "Participatory Art Activities Increase Salivary Oxytocin Secretion of ASD Children" Brain Sciences 10, no. 10: 680. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100680

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