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Open AccessArticle

Implementation of R&D Results and Industry 4.0 Influenced by Selected Macroeconomic Indicators

1
Department of Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Zlín 76001, Czech Republic
2
Department of Statistics and Quantitative Methods, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Zlín 76001, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(9), 1846; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9091846
Received: 15 March 2019 / Revised: 19 April 2019 / Accepted: 24 April 2019 / Published: 5 May 2019
Successful timing of INDUSTRY 4.0 projects in businesses can be disrupted by the coming of a recession. The authors assume a close link between INDUSTRY 4.0 and research and development (R&D) projects. R&D projects are statistically internationally monitored and have a significant impact on European Union economic policies. This article explores the impact of the two economic recessions in 2009 and 2012–2013 on the number of R&D entities and human resources involved in R&D in the Czech Republic. The method of multivariate statistics with dummy variables was used. Research has shown that different sectors (business sector, government sector, higher education sector, and non-profit sector) show a different development of the number of R&D entities in times of economic crisis. The research findings indicate that current European Union grant support, tax relief, and other specific factors appear to be more important for the development of R&D projects in the Czech Republic than the effects of economic recession. In terms of longer time horizons, however, the effects of the business cycle cannot be ignored. In order to predict economic development, enterprises and other subjects can use leading macroeconomic indicators. View Full-Text
Keywords: INDUSTRY 4.0; economic recession; research and development indicators INDUSTRY 4.0; economic recession; research and development indicators
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Švarcová, J.; Urbánek, T.; Povolná, L.; Sobotková, E. Implementation of R&D Results and Industry 4.0 Influenced by Selected Macroeconomic Indicators. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1846.

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