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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Simultaneous Optimisation of Cable Connection Schemes and Capacity for Offshore Wind Farms via a Modified Bat Algorithm

1
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Zhongshan Institute, Zhongshan 528402, China
2
Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Lyngby, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(2), 265; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9020265
Received: 12 December 2018 / Revised: 1 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 13 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Offshore Wind Energy)
Offshore wind energy has attracted worldwide attention and investments in the last decade due to the stability and abundance of wind resources. As one of the main components of this, internal array cables have a great impact on the levelised cost of energy of offshore wind farms, and thus their connection layout is a matter of concern. In this paper, a classical mathematical problem—the traveling salesman problem, which belongs to the field of graph theory—is applied to solve the offshore wind farm cable connection layout optimization problem. Both the capital investment on cables, cable laying, and the cost of power losses associated with array cables are considered in the proposed model. A modified bat algorithm is presented to resolve the problem. Furthermore, a cable crossing detection method is also adopted to avoid obtaining crossed cable connection layouts. The effectiveness was verified through a case study. View Full-Text
Keywords: offshore wind farm; cable connection layout; power losses; traveling salesman problem; bat algorithm offshore wind farm; cable connection layout; power losses; traveling salesman problem; bat algorithm
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Qi, Y.; Hou, P.; Yang, L.; Yang, G. Simultaneous Optimisation of Cable Connection Schemes and Capacity for Offshore Wind Farms via a Modified Bat Algorithm. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 265.

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