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Open AccessArticle

Development of a Smart Cyber-Physical Manufacturing System in the Industry 4.0 Context

1
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Transport and Communications, Hanoi 117-200, Vietnam
2
School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Ulsan University, Ulsan 680-749, Korea
3
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Hanoi University of Industry, Hanoi 117-200, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(16), 3325; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9163325
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Applied Industrial Technologies)
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Abstract

The complexity and dynamic of the manufacturing environment are growing due to the changes of manufacturing demand from mass production to mass customization that require variable product types, small lot sizes, and a short lead-time to market. Currently, the automatic manufacturing systems are suitable for mass production. To cope with the changes of the manufacturing environment, the paper proposes the model and technologies for developing a smart cyber-physical manufacturing system (Smart-CPMS). The transformation of the actual manufacturing systems to the Smart-CPMS is considered as the next generation of manufacturing development in Industry 4.0. The Smart-CPMS has advanced characteristics inspired from biology such as self-organization, self-diagnosis, and self-healing. These characteristics ensure that the Smart-CPMS is able to adapt with continuously changing manufacturing requirements. The model of Smart-CPMS is inherited from the organization of living systems in biology and nature. Consequently, in the Smart-CPMS, each resource on the shop floor such as machines, robots, transporters, and so on, is an autonomous entity, namely a cyber-physical system (CPS) which is equipped with cognitive capabilities such as perception, reasoning, learning, and cooperation. The Smart-CPMS adapts to the changes of manufacturing environment by the interaction among CPSs without external intervention. The CPS implementation uses the cognitive agent technology. Internet of things (IoT) with wireless networks, radio frequency identification (RFID), and sensor networks are used as information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure for carrying out the Smart-CPMS. View Full-Text
Keywords: industry 4.0; smart manufacturing system; internet of things; cyber-physical system; cognitive agent industry 4.0; smart manufacturing system; internet of things; cyber-physical system; cognitive agent
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Tran, N.-H.; Park, H.-S.; Nguyen, Q.-V.; Hoang, T.-D. Development of a Smart Cyber-Physical Manufacturing System in the Industry 4.0 Context. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 3325.

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