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Open AccessReview

NIRS-EMG for Clinical Applications: A Systematic Review

1
Istituto di Sistemi e Tecnologie Industriali Intelligenti per il Manifatturiero Avanzato (STIIMA), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Via Alfonso Corti 12, 20133 Milan, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milan, Italy
3
Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (IFN), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(15), 2952; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9152952
Received: 5 June 2019 / Revised: 3 July 2019 / Accepted: 19 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Engineering)
In this review, we present an overview of the applications and computed parameters of electromyography (EMG) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) methods on patients in clinical practice. The eligible studies were those where both techniques were combined in order to assess muscle characteristics from the electrical and hemodynamic points of view. With this aim, a comprehensive screening of the literature based on related keywords in the most-used scientific data bases allowed us to identify 17 papers which met the research criteria. We also present a brief overview of the devices designed specifically for muscular applications with EMG and NIRS sensors (a total of eight papers). A critical analysis of the results of the review suggests that the combined use of EMG and NIRS on muscle has been only partially exploited for assessment and evaluation in clinical practice and, thus, this field shows promises for future developments. View Full-Text
Keywords: NIRS; EMG; rehabilitation; patients; clinical practice; muscles; review NIRS; EMG; rehabilitation; patients; clinical practice; muscles; review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Scano, A.; Zanoletti, M.; Pirovano, I.; Spinelli, L.; Contini, D.; Torricelli, A.; Re, R. NIRS-EMG for Clinical Applications: A Systematic Review. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2952. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9152952

AMA Style

Scano A, Zanoletti M, Pirovano I, Spinelli L, Contini D, Torricelli A, Re R. NIRS-EMG for Clinical Applications: A Systematic Review. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(15):2952. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9152952

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scano, Alessandro; Zanoletti, Marta; Pirovano, Ileana; Spinelli, Lorenzo; Contini, Davide; Torricelli, Alessandro; Re, Rebecca. 2019. "NIRS-EMG for Clinical Applications: A Systematic Review" Appl. Sci. 9, no. 15: 2952. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9152952

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