Geometry of the Vocal Tract and Properties of Phonation near Threshold: Calculations and Measurements
AbstractIn voice research, analytically-based models are efficient tools to investigate the basic physical mechanisms of phonation. Calculations based on lumped element models describe the effects of the air in the vocal tract upon threshold pressure (Pth) by its inertance. The latter depends on the geometrical boundary conditions prescribed by the vocal tract length (directly) and its cross-sectional area (inversely). Using Titze’s surface wave model (SWM) to account for the properties of the vocal folds, the influence of the vocal tract inertia is examined by two sets of calculations in combination with experiments that apply silicone-based vocal folds. In the first set, a vocal tract is constructed whose cross-sectional area is adjustable from 2.7 cm2 to 11.7 cm2. In the second set, the length of the vocal tract is varied from 4.0 cm to 59.0 cm. For both sets, the pressure and frequency data are collected and compared with calculations based on the SWM. In most cases, the measurements support the calculations; hence, the model is suited to describe and predict basic mechanisms of phonation and the inertial effects caused by a vocal tract. View Full-Text
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Fulcher, L.; Lodermeyer, A.; Kähler, G.; Becker, S.; Kniesburges, S. Geometry of the Vocal Tract and Properties of Phonation near Threshold: Calculations and Measurements. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2755.
Fulcher L, Lodermeyer A, Kähler G, Becker S, Kniesburges S. Geometry of the Vocal Tract and Properties of Phonation near Threshold: Calculations and Measurements. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(13):2755.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fulcher, Lewis; Lodermeyer, Alexander; Kähler, George; Becker, Stefan; Kniesburges, Stefan. 2019. "Geometry of the Vocal Tract and Properties of Phonation near Threshold: Calculations and Measurements." Appl. Sci. 9, no. 13: 2755.
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