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Open AccessArticle

Nondestructive Evaluation of Apple Fruit Quality by Frequency-Domain Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy: Variations in Apple Skin and Flesh

Department of Photonics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(11), 2355; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9112355
Received: 13 April 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 8 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-destructive Sensors in Food Authentication)
The optical properties of fruits, such as light absorption and scattering characteristics, change with biochemical activities during storage. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) systems have been widely applied for noninvasively observing biological tissues. In this study, we used a frequency-domain DRS system to measure the optical properties of apples. Results showed that variations in the chlorophyll, water, and flesh-texture of apples could be noninvasively monitored over time. We also observed substantial differences in the absorption and reduced scattering coefficients between injured and normal apples. The DRS techniques could be used for apple grading, and, by extension, for monitoring the quality of other fruits. View Full-Text
Keywords: nondestructive; fruit; apples; optical properties; spectroscopy nondestructive; fruit; apples; optical properties; spectroscopy
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Cheng, N.-Y.; Chen, C.-C.; Liang, B.-J.; Tseng, S.-H. Nondestructive Evaluation of Apple Fruit Quality by Frequency-Domain Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy: Variations in Apple Skin and Flesh. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2355.

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