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Modelling and Simulation of Pseudo-Noise Sequence-Based Underwater Acoustic OSDM Communication System

1
College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
2
Key Laboratory of Marine Environment and Geological Engineering Shandong Province, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
3
The First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources of the People’s Republic of China, Qingdao 266061, China
4
College of Underwater Acoustic Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(10), 2063; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9102063
Received: 15 March 2019 / Revised: 25 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 May 2019 / Published: 19 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Acoustics and Vibrations)
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Abstract

Orthogonal signal division multiplex (OSDM) is an emerging signal modulation technology which has a lower peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) and a flexible subcarrier system architecture. Particularly, it can be seen as a bridge between the single-carrier modulation and the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) modulation in the frequency domain. Aiming at the development trend and demand of underwater acoustic hybrid and adaptive modulation communication technology, a pseudo-noise (PN) sequence-based underwater acoustic OSDM communication system is proposed in this paper. A data frame structure with PN sequence is designed to solve the multipath and Doppler effect of underwater acoustic channel. On the basis of the PN sequence, a compressive sensing method based on the orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) algorithm and the minimum mean square error (MMSE) algorithm is designed for channel estimation and equalization. On the basis of the system construction, the relationship among the OSDM vector length M, the OSDM subcarrier number N, and the underwater acoustic channel length is further studied for adaptive modulation of underwater acoustic communication. Finally, the proposed system is verified by simulation. The OSDM system has lower and controllable PAPR. When the OSDM vector length M is bigger than the channel length, and the system subcarrier flexibility is guaranteed, the bit error rate (BER) of the OSDM system is lower than that of the OFDM system and the single-carrier system. The PN sequence-based compressive sensing channel estimation and equalization with the OMP and MMSE algorithms has a good performance to resist the multipath effect of underwater acoustic channel. View Full-Text
Keywords: underwater acoustic communication; orthogonal signal division multiplex; vector length; compressive sensing; orthogonal matching pursuit; multi-carrier modulation; MMSE underwater acoustic communication; orthogonal signal division multiplex; vector length; compressive sensing; orthogonal matching pursuit; multi-carrier modulation; MMSE
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Liu, L.; Zhao, H.; Li, M.; Zhou, L.; Jin, J.; Zhang, J.; Lv, Z.; Ren, H.; Mao, J. Modelling and Simulation of Pseudo-Noise Sequence-Based Underwater Acoustic OSDM Communication System. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2063.

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