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Comparing Fish Density and Echo Strength Distribution Recorded by Two Generations of Single Beam Echo Sounders

Faculty of Applied Ecology, Agricultural Sciences and Biotechnology, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, N-2418 Elverum, Norway
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(10), 2041;
Received: 15 March 2019 / Revised: 30 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fishery Acoustics, Applied Sciences and Practical Applications)
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Hydroacoustic acquisition was performed by means of two different single beam systems, the Simradmodel EK15 from 2015 and the Simrad model EY-M from the 1980s to explore potential differences of fish density and target strength (TS) distribution between EK15 and EY-M-based estimates. The oligotrophic Lake Storsjøen (48 km2) with steep shores, was chosen for the survey. The pelagic fish stock is dominated by whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L), and, recently, illegally stocked smelt (Osmerus eperlanus L), and a low proportion of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus L.). The total density was estimated at two depth layers (18–32 and 32–48 m), and was quite similar for TS ≥ −56 dB: 755 and 498 fish ha−1, respectively for the EK15-based estimates and similarly 766 and 490 fish ha−1 for the EY-M estimate. Target strength distributions were similar for TS > −48 dB. The proportion of single fish detected with EK15 was negatively affected by the long pulse duration. Six acquisitions from 1986 to 2016 showed a dramatic increase of density of TS = −46 to −44 dB echoes (>10 cm) between 2013 and 2016. This was due to the growth of the introduced smelt population. View Full-Text
Keywords: echo sounding; single beam; comparison; smelt; whitefish; monitoring echo sounding; single beam; comparison; smelt; whitefish; monitoring

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Linløkken, A.N.; Næstad, F.; Langdal, K.; Østbye, K. Comparing Fish Density and Echo Strength Distribution Recorded by Two Generations of Single Beam Echo Sounders. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2041.

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