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Cycle-to-Cycle Variation of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Fischer–Tropsch Fuel Synthesized from Coal

College of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
School of Computing and Engineering, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield HD1 3DH, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(10), 2032;
Received: 2 April 2019 / Revised: 2 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clean Coal Combustion)
PDF [2980 KB, uploaded 17 May 2019]


Cycle-to-cycle variations during the combustion phase should be comprehensively investigated because these variations are among the most serious causes of higher emissions and lower efficiency. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cyclic variations and combustion parameters. The combustion and cyclic variation characteristics were investigated using a diesel engine operating on Fischer–Tropsch (F–T) fuel synthesized from coal. Experiments were conducted under full load conditions at three engine speeds of 1200, 2000, and 2800 rpm. The results revealed that cyclic variations of F–T diesel were lower than those of 0# diesel, acquired the minimum value at the speed of 2000 rpm, and reached the maximum at the speed of 2800 rpm. The mean fluctuation intensity of F–T diesel was 0.185, 0.189, and 0.205 at speeds of 1200, 2000, and 2800 rpm, respectively, smaller than that of 0# diesel under the corresponding conditions. The relationships between cyclic variations and combustion parameters were analyzed by correlation methods. Maximum in-cylinder pressure (Pmax) increased linearly with increased ignition delay, while it decreased linearly with increased combustion duration. The Pearson’s correlations between Pmax and ignition delay were 0.75, 0.78, and 0.73; however, the corresponding values between Pmax and combustion duration were 0.61, 067, and 0.65 when fueled with F–T diesel at speeds of 1200, 2000, and 2800 rpm, respectively. Moreover, the Pearson’s correlations of 0# diesel were higher than those of F–T diesel at the same operating loads. Compared with combustion duration, the ignition delay had more important effects on cyclic variations with a higher Pearson’s correlation. Furthermore, the ignition delay significantly influenced cyclic variation under a high speed load, while the combustion duration had a marked effect under low speed conditions. Overall, the results revealed the importance of combustion parameters on cyclic variation, which has great significance for controlled cyclic variation in diesel engines. View Full-Text
Keywords: cycle-to-cycle variation; fluctuation intensity; diesel engine; combustion parameters; F–T diesel cycle-to-cycle variation; fluctuation intensity; diesel engine; combustion parameters; F–T diesel

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Shi, J.; Wang, T.; Zhao, Z.; Wu, Z.; Zhang, Z. Cycle-to-Cycle Variation of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Fischer–Tropsch Fuel Synthesized from Coal. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2032.

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