Fault Severity Monitoring of Rolling Bearings Based on Texture Feature Extraction of Sparse Time–Frequency Images
AbstractRolling bearings are important components of rotating machines. For their preventive maintenance, it is not enough to know whether there is any fault or the fault type. For an effective maintenance, a fault severity monitoring needs to be conducted. Currently, the bearing fault diagnosis method based on time–frequency image (TFI) recognition is attracting increasing attention. This paper contributes to the ongoing investigation by proposing a new approach for the fault severity monitoring of rolling bearings based on the texture feature extraction of sparse TFIs. The first and main step is to obtain accurate TFIs from the vibration signals of rolling bearings. Traditional time–frequency analysis methods have disadvantages such as low resolution and cross-term interference. Therefore, the TFIs obtained cannot satisfactorily express the time–frequency characteristics of bearing vibration signals. To solve this problem, a sparse time–frequency analysis method based on the first-order primal-dual algorithm (STFA-PD) was developed in this paper. Unlike traditional time–frequency analysis methods, the time–frequency analysis model of the STFA-PD method is based on the theory of sparse representation, and is solved using the first-order primal-dual algorithm. For employing the sparse constraint in the frequency domain, the STFA-PD obtains a higher time–frequency resolution and is free from cross-term interference, as the model is based on a linear time–frequency analysis method. The gray level co-occurrence matrix is then employed to extract texture features from the sparse TFIs as input features for classifiers. Vibration signals of rolling bearings with different fault severity degrees are used to validate the proposed approach. The experimental results show that the developed STFA-PD outperforms traditional time–frequency analysis methods in terms of the accuracy and effectiveness for the fault severity monitoring of rolling bearings. View Full-Text
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Du, Y.; Chen, Y.; Meng, G.; Ding, J.; Xiao, Y. Fault Severity Monitoring of Rolling Bearings Based on Texture Feature Extraction of Sparse Time–Frequency Images. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1538.
Du Y, Chen Y, Meng G, Ding J, Xiao Y. Fault Severity Monitoring of Rolling Bearings Based on Texture Feature Extraction of Sparse Time–Frequency Images. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(9):1538.Chicago/Turabian Style
Du, Yan; Chen, Yingpin; Meng, Guoying; Ding, Jun; Xiao, Yajing. 2018. "Fault Severity Monitoring of Rolling Bearings Based on Texture Feature Extraction of Sparse Time–Frequency Images." Appl. Sci. 8, no. 9: 1538.
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