Treatment of Biofilm Communities: An Update on New Tools from the Nanosized World
AbstractTraditionally regarded as single cell organisms, bacteria naturally and preferentially build multicellular communities that enable them to react efficiently to external stimuli in a coordinated fashion and with extremely effective outcomes. These communities are bacterial biofilms, where single cells or microcolonies are embedded in self-built Extracellular Polymeric Substance (EPS), composed of different macromolecules, e.g., polysaccharides, proteins, lipids, and extracellular DNA (eDNA). Despite being the most common form in nature and having many biotechnologically useful applications, biofilm is often regarded as a life-threatening form of bacterial infection. Since this form of bacterial life is intrinsically more resistant to antibiotic treatment and antimicrobial resistance is reaching alarming levels, we will focus our attention on how nanotechnology made new tools available to the medical community for the prevention and treatment of these infections. After a brief excursus on biofilm formation and its main characteristics, different types of nanomaterials developed to prevent or counteract these multicellular forms of bacterial infection will be described. A comparison of different classifications adopted for nanodrugs and a final discussion of challenges and future perspectives are also presented. View Full-Text
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Bertoglio, F.; Bloise, N.; Oriano, M.; Petrini, P.; Sprio, S.; Imbriani, M.; Tampieri, A.; Visai, L. Treatment of Biofilm Communities: An Update on New Tools from the Nanosized World. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 845.
Bertoglio F, Bloise N, Oriano M, Petrini P, Sprio S, Imbriani M, Tampieri A, Visai L. Treatment of Biofilm Communities: An Update on New Tools from the Nanosized World. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(6):845.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bertoglio, Federico; Bloise, Nora; Oriano, Martina; Petrini, Paola; Sprio, Simone; Imbriani, Marcello; Tampieri, Anna; Visai, Livia. 2018. "Treatment of Biofilm Communities: An Update on New Tools from the Nanosized World." Appl. Sci. 8, no. 6: 845.
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