Next Article in Journal
A Thermodynamic Analysis of the Pressure Gain of Continuously Rotating Detonation Combustor for Gas Turbine
Next Article in Special Issue
Overview of Lithium-Ion Battery Modeling Methods for State-of-Charge Estimation in Electrical Vehicles
Previous Article in Journal
Attosecond-Resolved Electron Dynamics in Many-Electron Atoms: Quantitative Theory and Comparison with Measurements
Previous Article in Special Issue
Enhanced Prognostic Model for Lithium Ion Batteries Based on Particle Filter State Transition Model Modification
Open AccessArticle

Battery Management System Hardware Concepts: An Overview

by 1,2,*,†, 1,2,†, 1,2,†, 1,2,†, 1,2,†, 1,2,† and 1,2,3
Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Jaegerstr. 17/19, 52066 Aachen, Germany
Jara, Juelich Aachen Research Alliance, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, 52425 Juelich, Germany
Institute for Power Generation and Storage Systems, RWTH Aachen University, Mathieustraße 10, 52074 Aachen, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(4), 534;
Received: 6 February 2018 / Revised: 15 March 2018 / Accepted: 22 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Battery Management and State Estimation)
This paper focuses on the hardware aspects of battery management systems (BMS) for electric vehicle and stationary applications. The purpose is giving an overview on existing concepts in state-of-the-art systems and enabling the reader to estimate what has to be considered when designing a BMS for a given application. After a short analysis of general requirements, several possible topologies for battery packs and their consequences for the BMS’ complexity are examined. Four battery packs that were taken from commercially available electric vehicles are shown as examples. Later, implementation aspects regarding measurement of needed physical variables (voltage, current, temperature, etc.) are discussed, as well as balancing issues and strategies. Finally, safety considerations and reliability aspects are investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: battery management systems; BMS requirements; battery pack topologies; electric vehicles; BMS-ASIC; balancing; insulation measurement battery management systems; BMS requirements; battery pack topologies; electric vehicles; BMS-ASIC; balancing; insulation measurement
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lelie, M.; Braun, T.; Knips, M.; Nordmann, H.; Ringbeck, F.; Zappen, H.; Sauer, D.U. Battery Management System Hardware Concepts: An Overview. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 534.

AMA Style

Lelie M, Braun T, Knips M, Nordmann H, Ringbeck F, Zappen H, Sauer DU. Battery Management System Hardware Concepts: An Overview. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(4):534.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lelie, Markus; Braun, Thomas; Knips, Marcus; Nordmann, Hannes; Ringbeck, Florian; Zappen, Hendrik; Sauer, Dirk U. 2018. "Battery Management System Hardware Concepts: An Overview" Appl. Sci. 8, no. 4: 534.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop