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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Surface State in Micro-Welding of Copper by Nd:YAG Laser

1
Nontraditional Machining Laboratory, Okayama University, 3-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Okayama 700-8530, Japan
2
Kataoka Corporation, 2-14-27 Shin-Yokohama, Yokohama 222-0033, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(12), 2364; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8122364
Received: 23 October 2018 / Revised: 10 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Frontiers of Laser Welding Technology)
Laser welding of copper is characterized by low and unstable light absorption around 1000 nm wavelength. Combination of high thermal conductivity and low melting point makes it difficult to obtain good welding quality and leads to low energy utilization. To improve efficiency and welding quality, a technique to enhance process stability using 1064 nm wavelength Nd:YAG laser has been proposed, and absorption rate and molten volume in laser micro-welding were discussed. Since the surface state of specimen affects absorption phenomena, effects of surface shape and surface roughness were investigated. Absorption rate and molten volume were increased by creating appropriate concave holes and by controlled surface roughness. Stable micro-welding process with deep penetration and good surface quality was achieved for transitional processing condition between heat conduction and keyhole welding, by enhanced absorption rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: absorption rate; copper; heat conduction; keyhole; laser welding; Nd:YAG laser absorption rate; copper; heat conduction; keyhole; laser welding; Nd:YAG laser
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Maina, M.R.; Okamoto, Y.; Inoue, R.; Nakashiba, S.-I.; Okada, A.; Sakagawa, T. Influence of Surface State in Micro-Welding of Copper by Nd:YAG Laser. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2364.

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