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Open AccessArticle

Defect Detection of Aluminum Alloy Wheels in Radiography Images Using Adaptive Threshold and Morphological Reconstruction

Science and Technology on Electronic Test and Measurement Laboratory, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China
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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(12), 2365; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8122365
Received: 5 November 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nondestructive Testing in Composite Materials)
In low-pressure casting, aluminum alloy wheels are prone to internal defects such as gas holes and shrinkage cavities, which call for X-ray inspection to ensure quality. Automatic defect segmentation of X-ray images is an important task in X-ray inspection of wheels. For this, a solution is proposed here that combines adaptive threshold segmentation algorithm and mathematical morphology reconstruction. First, the X-ray image of the wheel is smoothed, and then the smoothed image is subtracted from the original image, and the resulting difference image is binarized; the binary image resulting from the low threshold is taken as the marker image, and that from the high threshold is taken as mask image, and mathematical morphology reconstruction is performed on the two images, with the resulting image being the preliminary result of the wheel defect segmentation. Finally, with area and diameter parameters as the conditions, the preliminary segmentation result is analyzed, and the defect regions satisfying the conditions are taken as the ultimate result of the whole solution. Experiments proved the feasibility of the above solution, which is found capable of extracting different types of wheel defects satisfactorily. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminum alloy wheel; X-ray; nondestructive testing; defect detection; adaptive threshold; morphological reconstruction aluminum alloy wheel; X-ray; nondestructive testing; defect detection; adaptive threshold; morphological reconstruction
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Zhang, J.; Guo, Z.; Jiao, T.; Wang, M. Defect Detection of Aluminum Alloy Wheels in Radiography Images Using Adaptive Threshold and Morphological Reconstruction. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2365.

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