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Article

Introducing Bentonite into the Environment in the Construction Stage of Linear Underground Investment Using the HDD Method

1
Operator Gazociągów Przesyłowych GAZ-SYSTEM S. A. Oddział we Wrocławiu, 50-513 Wrocław, Poland
2
Department of Spatial Economy, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 2210; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112210
Received: 12 September 2018 / Revised: 7 November 2018 / Accepted: 7 November 2018 / Published: 10 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sciences)
The study discusses the issue of introducing drilling fluid (bentonite) into the environment during the construction of linear underground investments, considering the example of the construction of the high-pressure gas pipeline, Czeszów—Kiełczów DN1000, which involved the use of the Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) method. The analyses concern the drilling stage as a low-waste technology, indicating the use and management of bentonite drilling fluid in a closed circulation cycle in the area of Pęciszów, poviat Trzebnica (Poland). The loss of drilling fluid in valuable natural areas during the construction stage of the gas pipeline has been analyzed. Drilling fluid is an element of the horizontal directional drilling technology (HDD). The analyzed area included a section of the route of the strategic gas pipeline, realized in June–July 2017 in an area of lowland ash and alder forest 91E0-3, a probable breeding site of the Bluethroat for a detailed description and common frog. The loss of the drilling fluid used in the drilling phase has been determined, depending on the type of soil and the related fraction as well as the possibility of treating the drilling fluid used to construct the drilling. View Full-Text
Keywords: linear investments; drilling fluid; bentonite; directional drilling; soil type linear investments; drilling fluid; bentonite; directional drilling; soil type
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kwast-Kotlarek, U.; Hełdak, M.; Szczepański, J. Introducing Bentonite into the Environment in the Construction Stage of Linear Underground Investment Using the HDD Method. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2210. https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112210

AMA Style

Kwast-Kotlarek U, Hełdak M, Szczepański J. Introducing Bentonite into the Environment in the Construction Stage of Linear Underground Investment Using the HDD Method. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(11):2210. https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112210

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kwast-Kotlarek, Urszula, Maria Hełdak, and Jakub Szczepański. 2018. "Introducing Bentonite into the Environment in the Construction Stage of Linear Underground Investment Using the HDD Method" Applied Sciences 8, no. 11: 2210. https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112210

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