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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(12), 1321;

Playing for a Virtual Audience: The Impact of a Social Factor on Gestures, Sounds and Expressive Intents

Neuroscience of Emotion and Affective Dynamics Lab, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences and Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
Co-senior authors.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefania Serafin
Received: 30 October 2017 / Revised: 14 November 2017 / Accepted: 13 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sound and Music Computing)
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Can we measure the impact of the presence of an audience on musicians’ performances? By exploring both acoustic and motion features for performances in Immersive Virtual Environments (IVEs), this study highlights the impact of the presence of a virtual audience on both the performance and the perception of authenticity and emotional intensity by listeners. Gestures and sounds produced were impacted differently when musicians performed at different expressive intents. The social factor made features converge towards values related to a habitual way of playing regardless of the expressive intent. This could be due to musicians’ habits to perform in a certain way in front of a crowd. On the listeners’ side, when comparing different expressive conditions, only one congruent condition (projected expressive intent in front of an audience) boosted the participants’ ratings for both authenticity and emotional intensity. At different values for kinetic energy and metrical centroid, stimuli recorded with an audience showed a different distribution of ratings, challenging the ecological validity of artificially created expressive intents. Finally, this study highlights the use of IVEs as a research tool and a training assistant for musicians who are eager to learn how to cope with their anxiety in front of an audience. View Full-Text
Keywords: immersive virtual environment; music; performance; expressiveness; authenticity; emotions; social immersive virtual environment; music; performance; expressiveness; authenticity; emotions; social

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Schaerlaeken, S.; Grandjean, D.; Glowinski, D. Playing for a Virtual Audience: The Impact of a Social Factor on Gestures, Sounds and Expressive Intents. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1321.

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