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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(10), 270;

Fuzzy Tracking and Control Algorithm for an SSVEP-Based BCI System

Department of Electrical Engineering, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan 710, Taiwan
Department of Computer and Communication, Kun-Shan University, Tainan 710, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stephen D. Prior
Received: 27 May 2016 / Revised: 12 September 2016 / Accepted: 14 September 2016 / Published: 22 September 2016
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Subjects with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) consistently experience decreasing quality of life because of this distinctive disease. Thus, a practical brain-computer interface (BCI) application can effectively help subjects with ALS to participate in communication or entertainment. In this study, a fuzzy tracking and control algorithm is proposed for developing a BCI remote control system. To represent the characteristics of the measured electroencephalography (EEG) signals after visual stimulation, a fast Fourier transform is applied to extract the EEG features. A self-developed fuzzy tracking algorithm quickly traces the changes of EEG signals. The accuracy and stability of a BCI system can be greatly improved by using a fuzzy control algorithm. Fifteen subjects were asked to attend a performance test of this BCI system. The canonical correlation analysis (CCA) was adopted to compare the proposed approach, and the average recognition rates are 96.97% and 94.49% for proposed approach and CCA, respectively. The experimental results showed that the proposed approach is preferable to CCA. Overall, the proposed fuzzy tracking and control algorithm applied in the BCI system can profoundly help subjects with ALS to control air swimmer drone vehicles for entertainment purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: brain-computer interface; steady-state visual evoked potentials; fuzzy logic; CCA brain-computer interface; steady-state visual evoked potentials; fuzzy logic; CCA

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Chen, Y.-J.; Chen, S.-C.; Zaeni, I.A.E.; Wu, C.-M. Fuzzy Tracking and Control Algorithm for an SSVEP-Based BCI System. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 270.

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