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Biofeedback Applied to Interactive Serious Games to Monitor Frailty in an Elderly Population

“Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, National Technical University, 61000 Kharkiv, Ukraine
eVida Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbo, Spain
Biocruces Health Research Institute, Cruces University Hospital, 48903 Barakaldo, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marco Gesi
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(8), 3502;
Received: 15 March 2021 / Revised: 8 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Serious Games and Mixed Reality Applications for Healthcare)
This article proposes an example of a multiplatform interactive serious game, which is an additional tool and assistant used in the rehabilitation of patients with musculoskeletal system problems. In medicine, any actions and procedures aimed at helping the rehabilitation of patients should entail the most comfortable, but at the same time, effective approach. Regardless of how these actions are orientated, whether for rehabilitation following surgery, fractures, any problems with the musculoskeletal system, or just support for the elderly, rehabilitation methods undoubtedly have good goals, although often the process itself can cause all kinds of discomfort and aversion among patients. This paper presents an interactive platform which enables a slightly different approach to be applied in terms of routine rehabilitation activities and this will help make the process more exciting. The main feature of the system is that it works in several ways: for normal everyday use at home, or for more in-depth observation of various biological parameters, such as heart rate, temperature, and so on. The basic component of the system is the real-time tracking system of the body position, which constitutes both a way to control the game (controller) and a means to analyze the player’s activity. As for the closer control of rehabilitation, the platform also provides the opportunity for medical personnel to monitor the player in real time, with all the data obtained from the game being used for subsequent analysis and comparison. Following several laboratory tests and feedback analysis, the progress indicators are quite encouraging in terms of greater patient interest in this kind of interaction, and effectiveness of the developed platform is also on average about 30–50% compared to conventional exercises, which makes it more attractive in terms of patient support. View Full-Text
Keywords: serious games; rehabilitation; elderly; body tracking; exercise games serious games; rehabilitation; elderly; body tracking; exercise games
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shapoval, S.; García Zapirain, B.; Mendez Zorrilla, A.; Mugueta-Aguinaga, I. Biofeedback Applied to Interactive Serious Games to Monitor Frailty in an Elderly Population. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3502.

AMA Style

Shapoval S, García Zapirain B, Mendez Zorrilla A, Mugueta-Aguinaga I. Biofeedback Applied to Interactive Serious Games to Monitor Frailty in an Elderly Population. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(8):3502.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shapoval, Serhii, Begoña García Zapirain, Amaia Mendez Zorrilla, and Iranzu Mugueta-Aguinaga. 2021. "Biofeedback Applied to Interactive Serious Games to Monitor Frailty in an Elderly Population" Applied Sciences 11, no. 8: 3502.

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