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Open AccessArticle

Design and Validation of an Open Source 3D Printer Based on Digital Ultraviolet Light Processing (DLP), for the Improvement of Traditional Artistic Casting Techniques for Microsculptures

1
Engineering Graphic Area, Universidad de La Laguna, Avenida Ánguel Guimerá Jorge s/n, 38204 La Laguna, Spain
2
Department of Fine Arts, Universidad de La Laguna, Calle Radio Aficionados, s/n, 38320 La Laguna, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Namhun Kim
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(7), 3197; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073197
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 26 March 2021 / Accepted: 30 March 2021 / Published: 2 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Additive Manufacturing and System: From Methods to Applications)
The adoption of open-source digital manufacturing technologies in small art workshops may improve their competitiveness. Pieces modeled by computer and made with FDM (Fused Deposition Modeling) 3D printers that use PLA (polylactic acid) can be implemented in the procedures of artistic casting. However, models printed by PLA are limited to approximate minimum sizes of 3 cm, and the optimal layer height resolution is 0.1 mm. These sizes and resolutions are not suitable for creating microsculptures used, in many cases, in jewelry. An alternative to solve this limitation, is to use a DMLS (Direct Metal Laser Sintering) 3D printer. However, due to its high cost, it is a technology that is difficult to introduce in small artistic foundries. This work detailed the design and validation of a DLP (Digital Light Processing) 3D printer, using backlit LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) screens with ultraviolet light. Its development is totally “open source” and is proposed as a kit made up of electronic components, based on Arduino and easy to access mechanical components in the market. Most parts can be manufactured in low cost FDM (Fused Deposition Modeling) 3D printers. The result is an affordable, high resolution (0.021 mm), and open-design printer that can be implemented in artistic contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: artistic casting; electroforming; DLP 3D printer; traditional artistic techniques artistic casting; electroforming; DLP 3D printer; traditional artistic techniques
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saorin, J.L.; Diaz-Alemán, M.D.; De la Torre-Cantero, J.; Meier, C.; Pérez Conesa, I. Design and Validation of an Open Source 3D Printer Based on Digital Ultraviolet Light Processing (DLP), for the Improvement of Traditional Artistic Casting Techniques for Microsculptures. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3197. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073197

AMA Style

Saorin JL, Diaz-Alemán MD, De la Torre-Cantero J, Meier C, Pérez Conesa I. Design and Validation of an Open Source 3D Printer Based on Digital Ultraviolet Light Processing (DLP), for the Improvement of Traditional Artistic Casting Techniques for Microsculptures. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(7):3197. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073197

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saorin, Jose L.; Diaz-Alemán, Manuel D.; De la Torre-Cantero, Jorge; Meier, Cecile; Pérez Conesa, Ithaisa. 2021. "Design and Validation of an Open Source 3D Printer Based on Digital Ultraviolet Light Processing (DLP), for the Improvement of Traditional Artistic Casting Techniques for Microsculptures" Appl. Sci. 11, no. 7: 3197. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073197

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