Glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) ship structures have hull plate thicknesses of 10 mm or more and are fabricated using a higher proportion of resin matrix systems than E-glass fiber reinforcements. Therefore, GFRP is classified as a highly attenuative material, and this characteristic is a major cause of large errors in ultrasonic nondestructive testing for quality inspections. In this study, considering the aforementioned design and fabrication characteristics of GFRP ship structures, hull plate prototypes with various glass fiber weight fractions, glass contents (Gc
), and laminate thicknesses were fabricated. Then, a pulse-echo ultrasonic test was performed with the fabricated prototypes, and the attenuation characteristics of the GFRP hull plates were investigated by conducting statistical analyses. These results demonstrated that with a variation of 30–50% in the Gc
used for GFRP structure design, the plate thickness variation had a greater impact than the Gc
variation on the attenuation characteristics. The increase in Gc
naturally increased the scattering of ultrasonic waves but did not significantly affect the attenuation coefficient. The effects of the inner voids on the ultrasonic waves were also investigated, and the results confirmed that the laminates in this Gc
region did not significantly affect attenuation.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited