Next Article in Journal
Modelling, Simulation, and Management Strategy of an Electric Vehicle Charging Station Based on a DC Microgrid
Next Article in Special Issue
Improvement of Anaerobic Digestion of Hydrolysed Corncob Waste by Organosolv Pretreatment for Biogas Production
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluating the Risk Factors of Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation Complications with Nd-YAG Laser Toning Using LASSO-Based Algorithm
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Review on Anaerobic Digestion of Lignocellulosic Wastes: Pretreatments and Operational Conditions
Open AccessReview

A Review on the Fate of Nutrients and Enhancement of Energy Recovery from Rice Straw through Anaerobic Digestion

1
Department of Environmental Technology, Chair of Circular Economy and Recycling Technology, TU Berlin, 10623 Berlin, Germany
2
Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(6), 2047; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10062047
Received: 19 February 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2020 / Accepted: 14 March 2020 / Published: 18 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Lignocellulosic Waste)
Open field burning and tilling the rice straw (RS) back into the fields causes environmental threats by contributing to the increased greenhouse gas emissions. Energy and nutrient recovery from RS through anaerobic digestion (AD) is an effective solution for its utilization. Although RS has good methane potential, its characteristics make it a difficult substrate for AD. This paper reviews the characteristics of RS, mass balance, and distribution of nutrients into liquid and solid digestate in the AD. The present review also discusses the effect of temperature, co-digestion, mixing, inoculum, organic loading rate, recycling liquid digestate, the addition of trace elements, and their bioavailability on the enhancement of biogas/methane yield in the AD of RS. In addition, the digestion of RS at various scales is also covered in the review. View Full-Text
Keywords: anaerobic digestion; rice straw; nutrients; recycling; digestate anaerobic digestion; rice straw; nutrients; recycling; digestate
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Muhayodin, F.; Fritze, A.; Rotter, V.S. A Review on the Fate of Nutrients and Enhancement of Energy Recovery from Rice Straw through Anaerobic Digestion. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 2047.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop