Next Article in Journal
Unsupervised 3D Motion Summarization Using Stacked Auto-Encoders
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Energy Efficiency in Thermally Improved Residential Buildings, with a Weather Controlled Central Heating System. A Case Study in Poland
Previous Article in Journal
A Scoping Review on Virtual Reality-Based Industrial Training
Previous Article in Special Issue
Artificial Intelligence, Accelerated in Parallel Computing and Applied to Nonintrusive Appliance Load Monitoring for Residential Demand-Side Management in a Smart Grid: A Comparative Study
Open AccessArticle

Design and Application of Cellular Concrete on a Mexican Residential Building and Its Influence on Energy Savings in Hot Climates: Projections to 2050

1
Departamento de Ingeniería Civil y Minas, Universidad de Sonora, Blvd. Luis Encinas y Rosales, Centro, Hermosillo 83000, Mexico
2
Facultad de Zootecnia y Ecología, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Periférico Francisco R. Almada, km 1, Chihuahua 31453, Mexico
3
Cátedras CONACYT, Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados, Calle CIMAV 110, Ejido Arroyo Seco, Durango 34147, Mexico
4
Departamento de Ingeniería Sustentable, Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados, Calle CIMAV 110, Ejido Arroyo Seco, Durango 34147, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(22), 8225; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228225
Received: 2 November 2020 / Revised: 16 November 2020 / Accepted: 16 November 2020 / Published: 20 November 2020
The thermal performance of economical housing located in hot climates remains a pending subject, especially in emerging economies. A cellular concrete mixture was designed, considering its thermophysical properties, to apply the new material into building envelopes. The proposed materials have low density and thermal conductivity to be used as a nonstructural lightweight construction element. From the design stage, a series of wall systems based on cellular concrete was proposed. Whereas in the second phase, the materials were analyzed to obtain the potential energy savings using dynamic simulations. It is foreseen that the energy consumption in buildings located in these climates will continue to increase critically due to the temperature increase associated with climate change. The temperatures predicted mean vote (PMV), electric energy consumption, and CO2 emissions were calculated for three IPCC scenarios. These results will help to identify the impact of climate change on the energy use of the houses built under these weather conditions. The results show that if the conventional concrete blocks continue to be used, the air conditioning energy requirements will increase to 49% for 2030 and 61% by 2050. The proposed cellular concrete could reduce energy consumption between 15% and 28%, and these saving rates would remain in the future. The results indicate that it is necessary to drive the adoption of lightweight materials, so the impact of energy use on climate change can be reduced. View Full-Text
Keywords: cellular concrete; lightweight materials; thermal conductivity; electricity; dynamic simulation; housing; climate change cellular concrete; lightweight materials; thermal conductivity; electricity; dynamic simulation; housing; climate change
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Borbon-Almada, A.C.; Lucero-Alvarez, J.; Rodriguez-Muñoz, N.A.; Ramirez-Celaya, M.; Castro-Brockman, S.; Sau-Soto, N.; Najera-Trejo, M. Design and Application of Cellular Concrete on a Mexican Residential Building and Its Influence on Energy Savings in Hot Climates: Projections to 2050. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 8225. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228225

AMA Style

Borbon-Almada AC, Lucero-Alvarez J, Rodriguez-Muñoz NA, Ramirez-Celaya M, Castro-Brockman S, Sau-Soto N, Najera-Trejo M. Design and Application of Cellular Concrete on a Mexican Residential Building and Its Influence on Energy Savings in Hot Climates: Projections to 2050. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(22):8225. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228225

Chicago/Turabian Style

Borbon-Almada, Ana C.; Lucero-Alvarez, Jorge; Rodriguez-Muñoz, Norma A.; Ramirez-Celaya, Manuel; Castro-Brockman, Samuel; Sau-Soto, Nicolas; Najera-Trejo, Mario. 2020. "Design and Application of Cellular Concrete on a Mexican Residential Building and Its Influence on Energy Savings in Hot Climates: Projections to 2050" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 22: 8225. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228225

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop