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Article

Environmental Impacts of Cement Production: A Statistical Analysis

1
Department of Basic and Applied Sciences for Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Antonio Scarpa 16, 00161 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Civil, Constructional and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(22), 8212; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228212
Received: 6 November 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 17 November 2020 / Published: 19 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable and Durable Building Materials)
The attention to environmental impacts of cement production has grown fast in recent decades. The cement industry is a significant greenhouse gases emitter mainly due to the calcinations of raw materials and the combustions of fuels. This paper investigates on the environmental performances of cement production and on the identification of factors driving emissions. For this purpose, a sample of 193 different recipes of gray cement produced in Italy from 2014 to 2019 according to the European standard EN 197-1. This paper identifies the consumption impact categories (e.g., fossil fuels, renewable and non-renewable secondary fuels) that explain the assessment of the Global Warming Potential, one of the most crucial impacts of cement production. Having regard to the overall examined dataset and each cement type, a set of predictive models is implemented and evaluated. A similar approach has been adopted to produce accurate predictive models for further environmental impact categories that quantify emissions to air. The obtained results provide important information that can support cement producers to develop low-impacting cement recipes. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle analysis; cement production; EN 15804; regression analysis; AIC criterion life cycle analysis; cement production; EN 15804; regression analysis; AIC criterion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Durastanti, C.; Moretti, L. Environmental Impacts of Cement Production: A Statistical Analysis. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 8212. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228212

AMA Style

Durastanti C, Moretti L. Environmental Impacts of Cement Production: A Statistical Analysis. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(22):8212. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228212

Chicago/Turabian Style

Durastanti, Claudio; Moretti, Laura. 2020. "Environmental Impacts of Cement Production: A Statistical Analysis" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 22: 8212. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228212

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