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Article

Wingate Test, When Time and Overdue Fatigue Matter: Validity and Sensitivity of Two Time-Shortened Versions

1
Human Performance and Sports Science Laboratory, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
2
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 30720 San Javier, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(22), 8002; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228002
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 10 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 11 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progresses in Resistance Training)
This study aimed to analyze the validity and sensitivity of two time-shortened Wingate anaerobic tests (WAnTs), by means of three phases. In Phase A, 40 participants performed a traditional 30 s WAnT, whereas the first 15 s (WAnT15) and 20 s (WAnT20) were used to elaborate two predictive models. In Phase B, another 30 s WAnT was performed by 15 different volunteers to examine the error of these models (cross-validation). Finally, in Phase C, a 30 s WAnT was registered before and after a 10-week velocity-based training conducted by 22 different participants (training group, TRAIN = 11; control group that fully refrained from any type of training, CONTROL = 11). Power changes (in Watts, W) after this training intervention were used to interpret the sensitivity of the time-shortened WAnT. Adjusted coefficient of determination (R2) was reported for each regression model, whereas the cross-validation analysis included the smallest detectable change (SDC) and bias. Close relationships were found between the traditional 30 s WAnT and both the WAnT15 (R2 = 0.98) and WAnT20 (R2 = 0.99). Cross-validation analysis showed a lower error and bias for WAnT20 (SDC = 9.3 W, bias = −0.1 W) compared to WAnT15 (SDC = 22.2 W, bias = 1.8 W). Lastly, sensitivity to identify individual changes was higher for WAnT20 (TRAIN = 11/11 subjects, CONTROL = 9/11 subjects) than for WAnT15 (TRAIN = 4/11 subjects, CONTROL = 2/11 subjects). These findings suggest that the WAnT20 could become a valid and sensitive protocol to replace the traditional 30 s WAnT. View Full-Text
Keywords: power; assessment; strength; performance; anaerobic capacity; resistance training power; assessment; strength; performance; anaerobic capacity; resistance training
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hernández-Belmonte, A.; Buendía-Romero, Á.; Martínez-Cava, A.; Courel-Ibáñez, J.; Mora-Rodríguez, R.; Pallarés, J.G. Wingate Test, When Time and Overdue Fatigue Matter: Validity and Sensitivity of Two Time-Shortened Versions. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 8002. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228002

AMA Style

Hernández-Belmonte A, Buendía-Romero Á, Martínez-Cava A, Courel-Ibáñez J, Mora-Rodríguez R, Pallarés JG. Wingate Test, When Time and Overdue Fatigue Matter: Validity and Sensitivity of Two Time-Shortened Versions. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(22):8002. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hernández-Belmonte, Alejandro, Ángel Buendía-Romero, Alejandro Martínez-Cava, Javier Courel-Ibáñez, Ricardo Mora-Rodríguez, and Jesús G. Pallarés 2020. "Wingate Test, When Time and Overdue Fatigue Matter: Validity and Sensitivity of Two Time-Shortened Versions" Applied Sciences 10, no. 22: 8002. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228002

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