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Open AccessArticle

Vehicular Emission: Estimate of Air Pollutants to Guide Local Political Choices. A Case Study

1
Department of Ingegneria dell'Ambiente. University of Calabria, I-87030 Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Italy
2
Department of Chimica e Tecnologie chimiche, University of Calabria, I-87030 Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Italy
3
Department of Ingegneria Meccanica, Energetica e Gestionale. University of Calabria, I-87030 Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2020, 7(5), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7050037
Received: 22 April 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 15 May 2020 / Published: 16 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Monitoring of Pollutants)
The aim of this case study was to show how, with the use of software, is it possible to carry out a preventive screening of vehicular emissions. Moreover, thanks to this preliminary analysis, some areas that are potentially polluted can be identified in advance and suitable samplings on small-scale on them would help to verify the effectiveness of policies that can be adopted for the reduction of pollution. To this end, this paper reports a case study on vehicle traffic pollution in Calabria, a region in the south of Italy. We used the methodology called Corinair (Coordination Information AIR), developed by the EEA (European Environment Agency) and uses the software Copert4 (Computer Program to calculate Emission from Road Traffic). The total emissions per area were analyzed and the emissions for particular pollutants per unit area (km²) and per citizen were considered. The obsolete vehicles determined a substantial impact on the local atmospheric pollution. It was demonstrated how it is possible to substantially reduce the pollution of an area by adopting policies that encourage, for example, through tax concessions, the replacement of old cars of private citizens.
Keywords: Corinair; particulate matter; pollution; traffic pollution Corinair; particulate matter; pollution; traffic pollution
MDPI and ACS Style

Mazza, S.; Aiello, D.; Macario, A.; De Luca, P. Vehicular Emission: Estimate of Air Pollutants to Guide Local Political Choices. A Case Study. Environments 2020, 7, 37.

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