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Assessment of the Vulnerability to Agricultural Nitrate in Two Highly Diversified Environmental Settings
Open AccessArticle

Hydrogeological and Hydrochemical Regime Evaluation in Flamouria Basin in Edessa (Northern Greece)

1
Laboratory of Engineering Geology & Hydrogeology, Department of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Laboratory of Applied Geophysics, Department of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2020, 7(12), 105; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7120105
Received: 26 October 2020 / Revised: 22 November 2020 / Accepted: 1 December 2020 / Published: 3 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater Quality and Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment)
Groundwater quality deterioration and overexploitation constitute two critical environmental issues worldwide. In this study, with the aim to achieve a groundwater sustainability purpose, a preliminary hydrogeochemical survey is conducted in the Flamouria basin, Pella prefecture, Northern Greece using available and collected data. For this purpose, chemical analyses of groundwater, springs, and surface water were collected and analyzed with three electrical resistivity tomographies (ERTs). A Groundwater Quality Index (GQI), along with a nitrate susceptibility assessment is applied within the porous aquifer. The water quality analysis along with GQI application showed excellent water quality for potable and irrigation use however highlighted future issue for irrigation utilization as the high alkalinity and total dissolved solid (TDS)could generate excessive soil salinization. Moreover, the application of a methodology for the identification of “Nitrate Vulnerable Zone” called the Protection from Natural and Anthropogenic sources (PNA) highlighted the natural susceptibility to nitrate pollution of the porous aquifer, especially in the central part of the area where most agricultural activity is localized. The work further confirmed how the proposed elaboration could represent an easy and widely applicable hydrological assessment where there is also limited data available. View Full-Text
Keywords: nitrate vulnerable zone; groundwater quality; porous aquifer nitrate vulnerable zone; groundwater quality; porous aquifer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bannenberg, M.; Ntona, M.M.; Busico, G.; Kalaitzidou, K.; Mitrakas, M.; Vargemezis, G.; Fikos, I.; Kazakis, N.; Voudouris, K. Hydrogeological and Hydrochemical Regime Evaluation in Flamouria Basin in Edessa (Northern Greece). Environments 2020, 7, 105. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7120105

AMA Style

Bannenberg M, Ntona MM, Busico G, Kalaitzidou K, Mitrakas M, Vargemezis G, Fikos I, Kazakis N, Voudouris K. Hydrogeological and Hydrochemical Regime Evaluation in Flamouria Basin in Edessa (Northern Greece). Environments. 2020; 7(12):105. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7120105

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bannenberg, Matthias; Ntona, Maria M.; Busico, Gianluigi; Kalaitzidou, Kyriaki; Mitrakas, Manassis; Vargemezis, George; Fikos, Ilias; Kazakis, Nerantzis; Voudouris, Konstantinos. 2020. "Hydrogeological and Hydrochemical Regime Evaluation in Flamouria Basin in Edessa (Northern Greece)" Environments 7, no. 12: 105. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7120105

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