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Open AccessArticle

Physicochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Water Quality in Drought Prone Areas of Pune and Satara Districts of Maharashtra, India

1
The Foundation for Medical Research, 84A, R.G. Thadani Marg, Worli, Mumbai 400018, India
2
St. Johns Research Institute, 100 Feet Rd, John Nagar, Koramangala, Bangalore 560034, India
3
Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Gaustadalleen 21, 0349 Oslo, Norway
4
The Foundation for Research in Community Health, 3-4, Trimiti-B Apartments, 85, Anand Park, Aundh, Pune 411007, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2018, 5(5), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5050061
Received: 19 April 2018 / Revised: 8 May 2018 / Accepted: 15 May 2018 / Published: 18 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil and Water Contamination, Remediation and Conservation)
Drinking water quality is determined by the water’s biological, chemical, and physical features. Water sampling was carried out in 20 villages in the Pune and Satara districts of Maharashtra, with 15 falling in a low rainfall zone. Samples were collected from rivers, open wells, and bore wells, four times in a period of a year covering all seasons. A total of 206 water samples were analyzed for their physical, chemical, and bacteriological properties. Physical and chemical properties were expressed in the form of a modified Water Quality Index (WQI). Additionally, the modified WQI was compared to an Overall Pollution Index (OIP) for rivers. The present investigation is an attempt to analyze the impact of seasonal changes on water quality of different water bodies using two different WQIs. To understand the degree to which water quality is affected by faecal bacteria, modified WQI with exclusion of faecal coliforms (FC) and OIP with inclusion of FC were compared with each other in river water bodies. Modified WQI values and bacterial counts were at a maximum during the onset of the monsoon. In terms of bacteriological contamination, the number of FC and intestinal enterococci (IE) in the water bodies was of major concern since it would impact human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: seasons; water quality; bacteriology; India seasons; water quality; bacteriology; India
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dhawde, R.; Surve, N.; Macaden, R.; Wennberg, A.C.; Seifert-Dähnn, I.; Ghadge, A.; Birdi, T. Physicochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Water Quality in Drought Prone Areas of Pune and Satara Districts of Maharashtra, India. Environments 2018, 5, 61. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5050061

AMA Style

Dhawde R, Surve N, Macaden R, Wennberg AC, Seifert-Dähnn I, Ghadge A, Birdi T. Physicochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Water Quality in Drought Prone Areas of Pune and Satara Districts of Maharashtra, India. Environments. 2018; 5(5):61. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5050061

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dhawde, Rutuja; Surve, Nuzhat; Macaden, Ragini; Wennberg, Aina C.; Seifert-Dähnn, Isabel; Ghadge, Appasaheb; Birdi, Tannaz. 2018. "Physicochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Water Quality in Drought Prone Areas of Pune and Satara Districts of Maharashtra, India" Environments 5, no. 5: 61. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5050061

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