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Environments 2018, 5(10), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5100110

Land Use Planning and Wildlife-Inflicted Crop Damage in Zambia

1
Indaba Agricultural Policy Research Institute, Lusaka 10101, Zambia
2
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Zambia, Lusaka 10101, Zambia
3
Department of Community Sustainability, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2018 / Revised: 21 September 2018 / Accepted: 23 September 2018 / Published: 28 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agricultural Ecosystem Services)
Full-Text   |   PDF [423 KB, uploaded 28 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Damage to crops from wildlife interference is a common threat to food security among rural communities in or near Game Management Areas (GMAs) in Zambia. This study uses a two-stage model and cross-sectional data from a survey of 2769 households to determine the impact of land use planning on the probability and extent of wildlife-inflicted crop damage. The results show that crop damage is higher in GMAs as compared to non-GMAs, and that land use planning could be an effective tool to significantly reduce the likelihood of such damage. These findings suggest that there is merit in the current drive to develop and implement land use plans to minimize human-wildlife conflict such as crop damage. This is especially critical as Zambian conservation policies do not explicitly provide compensation for damage caused by wildlife. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use planning; agriculture; crop damage; Game Management Areas; human-wildlife conflict; wildlife; Zambia land use planning; agriculture; crop damage; Game Management Areas; human-wildlife conflict; wildlife; Zambia
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Subakanya, M.; Tembo, G.; Richardson, R.B. Land Use Planning and Wildlife-Inflicted Crop Damage in Zambia. Environments 2018, 5, 110.

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