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Environments 2018, 5(10), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5100111

Ecotoxicity of In-Situ Produced Compost Intended for Landfill Restoration

1
Faculty of AgriSciences, Department of Applied and Landscape Ecology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Environmental Improvement, Warsaw University of Life Sciences—SGGW, 159 Nowoursynowska Av., 02-773 Warsaw, Poland
3
Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Department of Geology and Pedology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 3, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
4
Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Pl. Łódzki 4, 10-727 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 29 September 2018 / Accepted: 4 October 2018 / Published: 8 October 2018
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Abstract

Municipal solid waste (MSW) has become a matter of increasing global concern. Biological conversion is considered to be the most applicable disposal method, especially for the organic fraction of MSW. The aim of this study was to evaluate composting as a treatment method for the sustainable management and recycling of MSW and to test the ecotoxicity of the compost produced on the landfill surface. The ecotoxicity of the compost was investigated by means of a set of biological tests. The ecotoxicological impact of the compost was evaluated by plant growth tests with white mustard (Sinapis alba L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Plants were grown under controlled conditions for 21 days, in earthen pots, treated with MSW compost (MSWC) to study the effect of MSWC on plant biomass production. Sprouts and the number of growing plants occurring in the earthen pots were counted. The values obtained from three simultaneously conducted experiments were averaged and presented. Plants growing in the earthen pots with the compost exhibited increasing plant biomass while no changes were observed in their appearance; retarded growth or necrotic changes were not recorded. The ecotoxicity tests performed show that the analyzed compost produced in the composting plant situated on the landfill surface achieved high percentages of the germinating capacity of white mustard (Sinapis alba L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seeds and can be therefore used in the subsequent reclamation of the landfill concerned. View Full-Text
Keywords: landfill; compost; ecotoxicity tests; Sinapis alba L.; Hordeum vulgare L. landfill; compost; ecotoxicity tests; Sinapis alba L.; Hordeum vulgare L.
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Vaverková, M.D.; Adamcová, D.; Radziemska, M.; Zloch, J.; Brtnický, M.; Šindelář, O.; Maxiánová, A.; Mazur, Z. Ecotoxicity of In-Situ Produced Compost Intended for Landfill Restoration. Environments 2018, 5, 111.

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