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Article

Awareness and Behaviors Regarding COVID-19 among Albanian Undergraduates

1
Department of Movement Sciences and Wellbeing, University of Naples “Parthenope”, Via Medina n. 40, 80133 Naples, Italy
2
Fakulteti i Shkencave Psikologjike, Sociale dhe Politike, Universiteti Mesdhetar i Shqipërisë, Bulevardi Gjergj Fishta 52, 1023 Tirana, Albania
3
Inter-University Research Centre “Population, Environment and Health”, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Piazza Umberto I, 1, 70121 Bari, Italy
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Fakulteti i Shkencave Juridike dhe Marrëdhënieve Ndërkombëtare, Universiteti Mesdhetar i Shqipërisë, Bulevardi Gjergj Fishta 52, 1023 Tirana, Albania
5
Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
6
Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
7
Department of Computer Control and Management Engineering “Antonio Ruberti”, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Ariosto 25, 00185 Rome, Italy
8
Department of Medical Surgical Sciences and Translational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Via di Grottarossa 1035/1039, 00189 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Armando Cocca
Behav. Sci. 2021, 11(4), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11040045
Received: 28 February 2021 / Revised: 15 March 2021 / Accepted: 24 March 2021 / Published: 31 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity, Physical and Psychological Health)
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to the adoption of restriction measures that have had notable consequences on the health and wellbeing of individuals. This survey was carried out on a sample of 905 Albanian undergraduates to assess their knowledge about COVID-19 and their health-related behaviors and communication changes during lockdown. The students were invited to complete a pre-validated questionnaire during lessons. The results show that the majority of the surveyed students were able to answer correctly about the main epidemiological features of the disease. The level of knowledge was proven to be proportional to the students’ education level (enrollment year and age). No considerable relationship emerged with respect to diet or smoking. On the other hand, a relevant portion of the sample (37.6%) declared decreased physical activity (PA). Finally, a notable increase in the intensity and frequency of communication with their peers and with their parents was declared by 34.7% and 50.8% of the sample, respectively. Lifestyle variables were found to be mutually related, as were communication outcomes. The participants showed a satisfactory awareness regarding the COVID-19 epidemic. However, the registered reduction in PA may represent a public health issue and should be addressed with adequate policies. The use of electronic media seems to have increased communication habits in this population group. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; knowledge; behaviors; lockdown; undergraduates COVID-19; knowledge; behaviors; lockdown; undergraduates
MDPI and ACS Style

Gallè, F.; Veshi, A.; Sabella, E.A.; Çitozi, M.; Da Molin, G.; Ferracuti, S.; Liguori, G.; Orsi, G.B.; Napoli, C.; Napoli, C. Awareness and Behaviors Regarding COVID-19 among Albanian Undergraduates. Behav. Sci. 2021, 11, 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11040045

AMA Style

Gallè F, Veshi A, Sabella EA, Çitozi M, Da Molin G, Ferracuti S, Liguori G, Orsi GB, Napoli C, Napoli C. Awareness and Behaviors Regarding COVID-19 among Albanian Undergraduates. Behavioral Sciences. 2021; 11(4):45. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11040045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gallè, Francesca, Arjeta Veshi, Elita A. Sabella, Morena Çitozi, Giovanna Da Molin, Stefano Ferracuti, Giorgio Liguori, Giovanni B. Orsi, Christian Napoli, and Christian Napoli. 2021. "Awareness and Behaviors Regarding COVID-19 among Albanian Undergraduates" Behavioral Sciences 11, no. 4: 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11040045

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