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Cognitive Development and Cannabis Use in Adolescents

1
Disability Research Centre, University of International Studies of Rome, 00147 Rome, Italy
2
FINDS—Italian Neuroscience and Developmental Disorders Foundation, 81040 Caserta, Italy
3
Department of Child Neuropsychiatry, ASL (Local Health Company) of Salerno, 84084 Salerno, Italy
4
School, Regional School Office, 80136 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Joseph Ciorciari and Stefano Pugliis-Allegra
Behav. Sci. 2021, 11(3), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11030037
Received: 12 January 2021 / Revised: 2 March 2021 / Accepted: 9 March 2021 / Published: 17 March 2021
Heavy exposure to cannabis during adolescence can cause significant neurocognitive changes. It can alter emotional responsiveness and social behavior, and cause impairments in sustained attention, learning, working memory (WM), cognitive flexibility, and the speed of information processing. It also has a significant impact on executive functions. In this study we investigated how global cognitive functions can be affected by the frequency of cannabinoid consumption in different categories of consumers (chronic, occasional, and non-users), through the evaluation of executive functions. Statistical analysis showed a significant decrease in performance in working memory tasks and processing speed by subjects using cannabis chronically (group 1) as compared to non-consumers (group 3), and occasional consumers (group 2). Future studies could verify the extent of neurocognitive alterations through re-evaluations with controlled follow-up and the addition of neuro-functional data. View Full-Text
Keywords: working memory; executive functions; adolescents; cannabis; cognition working memory; executive functions; adolescents; cannabis; cognition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Frolli, A.; Ricci, M.C.; Cavallaro, A.; Lombardi, A.; Bosco, A.; Di Carmine, F.; Operto, F.F.; Franzese, L. Cognitive Development and Cannabis Use in Adolescents. Behav. Sci. 2021, 11, 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11030037

AMA Style

Frolli A, Ricci MC, Cavallaro A, Lombardi A, Bosco A, Di Carmine F, Operto FF, Franzese L. Cognitive Development and Cannabis Use in Adolescents. Behavioral Sciences. 2021; 11(3):37. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11030037

Chicago/Turabian Style

Frolli, Alessandro, Maria C. Ricci, Antonella Cavallaro, Agnese Lombardi, Antonia Bosco, Francesca Di Carmine, Francesca F. Operto, and Luisa Franzese. 2021. "Cognitive Development and Cannabis Use in Adolescents" Behavioral Sciences 11, no. 3: 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11030037

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