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Open AccessArticle

Compressed Life Review: Extreme Manifestation of Autobiographical Memory in Eye-Tracker

Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 125009, Russia
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10030060
Received: 15 November 2019 / Revised: 3 February 2020 / Accepted: 21 February 2020 / Published: 26 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue XVI European Congress of Psychology)
The compressed life review (CLR) is a mnemonic illusion of having “your entire life flashing before your eyes”. This research was guided by concerns over the retrospective methodology used in CLR studies. To depart from this methodology, I considered the long-term working memory (WM), “concentric”, and “activation-based” models of memory. A novel theoretically rooted laboratory-based experimental technique aimed to elicit the CLR-like experience with no risk to healthy participants was developed. It consists of listening to superimposed audio recordings of previously trained verbal cues to an individually composed set of self-defining memories (SDMs). The technique evoked a self-reported CLR-like experience in 10 out of 20 participants. A significant similarity in eye movement patterns between a single SDM condition and a choir of SDM conditions in self-reported CLR experiencers was confirmed. In both conditions, stimuli caused relative visual immobilization, in contrast to listening to a single neutral phrase, and a choir of neutral phrases that led to active visual exploration. The data suggest that CLR-like phenomenology may be successfully induced by triggering short-term access to the verbally cued SDMs and may be associated with specific patterns of visual activity that are not reportedly involved with deliberate autobiographical retrieval. View Full-Text
Keywords: compressed life review; panoramic memories; total recall; life-review experience; autobiographical memory; self-defining memories; eye-tracking; parallel awareness; working memory; long-term WM compressed life review; panoramic memories; total recall; life-review experience; autobiographical memory; self-defining memories; eye-tracking; parallel awareness; working memory; long-term WM
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Nourkova, V.V. Compressed Life Review: Extreme Manifestation of Autobiographical Memory in Eye-Tracker. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 60.

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