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Article

Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Risk Behavior among School-Going Adolescents in Four Caribbean Countries

by 1,2 and 3,*
1
ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
2
Department of Research Administration and Development, University of Limpopo, Turfloop 0727, South Africa
3
Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(11), 166; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10110166
Received: 18 September 2020 / Revised: 14 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 29 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sex Desire, Sexuality and Sexual Dysfunction)
This study aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual risk behaviors among adolescents in the Caribbean. Nationally representative cross-sectional data were analyzed from 9143 adolescents (15 years = median age) that took part in the 2016 Dominican Republic, 2016 Suriname, 2017 Jamaica, and 2017 Trinidad and Tobago Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS). The results indicate that 41.4% of the students had ever had sex, ranging from 26.4% in Trinidad and Tobago to 48.1% in Jamaica. Among the sexually active, 58.8% had had ≥2 sexual partners; 58.6% had had an early sexual debut (≤14 years); 41.9% had not used birth control the last time they had sex; 28.4% had not used a condom the last time they had sex; and, of the whole sample, 31.9% had engaged in two or more (multiple) sexual risk behaviors, ranging from 16.5% in Trinidad and Tobago to 40.3% in Jamaica. In an adjusted logistic regression analysis, substance use (tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis), psychological distress, frequent soft drink intake, participation in physical fighting, school truancy, older age, and male sex were associated with single and/or multiple sexual risk behaviors. A large number of adolescents in the Caribbean reported sexual risk behaviors, emphasizing the need for intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexual behavior; adolescents; health risk behavior; Caribbean sexual behavior; adolescents; health risk behavior; Caribbean
MDPI and ACS Style

Pengpid, S.; Peltzer, K. Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Risk Behavior among School-Going Adolescents in Four Caribbean Countries. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 166. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10110166

AMA Style

Pengpid S, Peltzer K. Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Risk Behavior among School-Going Adolescents in Four Caribbean Countries. Behavioral Sciences. 2020; 10(11):166. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10110166

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pengpid, Supa, and Karl Peltzer. 2020. "Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Risk Behavior among School-Going Adolescents in Four Caribbean Countries" Behavioral Sciences 10, no. 11: 166. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10110166

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