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Self-Rated Depressive Symptoms in Children and Youth with and without Cerebral Palsy: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Rehabilitation, Japan Baptist Hospital, Kyoto 606-8273, Japan
2
Department of Rehabilitation, Beppu Developmental Medical Center, Oita 874-0838, Japan
3
Neurorehabilitation Research Center, Kio University, Nara 635-0832, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(11), 167; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10110167
Received: 21 August 2020 / Revised: 26 October 2020 / Accepted: 30 October 2020 / Published: 1 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) often exhibit mental health problems, such as depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to describe the self-rated depressive symptoms in children with and without CP and to investigate the associated predictors. Participants included 24 children with CP and 33 typically developing (TD) children. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Birleson Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children. Parents of the participants completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Severity of self-rated depressive symptoms was higher in children with CP than that in TD children. Particularly, decline in activities and enjoyment was identified as a contributor to the increased severity of depressive symptoms. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that the greater severity of depressive symptoms in children with CP was mediated by hyperactivity/inattention and peer problems. Our study suggests that it is imperative to provide opportunities to participate in social activities from an early age. View Full-Text
Keywords: cerebral palsy; depression; mental health; behavioral problems cerebral palsy; depression; mental health; behavioral problems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Asano, D.; Takeda, M.; Nobusako, S.; Morioka, S. Self-Rated Depressive Symptoms in Children and Youth with and without Cerebral Palsy: A Pilot Study. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 167. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10110167

AMA Style

Asano D, Takeda M, Nobusako S, Morioka S. Self-Rated Depressive Symptoms in Children and Youth with and without Cerebral Palsy: A Pilot Study. Behavioral Sciences. 2020; 10(11):167. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10110167

Chicago/Turabian Style

Asano, Daiki, Masaki Takeda, Satoshi Nobusako, and Shu Morioka. 2020. "Self-Rated Depressive Symptoms in Children and Youth with and without Cerebral Palsy: A Pilot Study" Behavioral Sciences 10, no. 11: 167. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10110167

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